The Reflection of River Warfare in Pakistani and Indian Press: Dispute, Management and Strategies
This study provides an overview of Pak-India River warfare over the sharing of water and management failure which led
to serious water crises and disaster especially in Pakistan. Water resources are diminishing day by day water is become a
scarce commodity in the world with every passing day. It is rapidly emerging a source of tension and dispute between two
nations (Pakistan and India), which is a destabilizing factor of international peace and regional harmony. The content
analysis used as research methodology while data collected from editorials and articles published in The News and The
Telegraph. This research covers the period between 2018 and 2019. The results showed that The News gives more
coverage and large space related to the Pak-India River Warfare as compared to The Tel ...
1-Tanveer Hussain Assistant professor, School of Media and Communication Studies, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Naeem Javed Assistant professor, School of Media and Communication Studies, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Deeba Shahwar Lecturer, Department of Mass Communication, The Women University Multan, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan.
Pak-India River Warfare, Role of Newspapers, Management.
Teachers Thinking Styles and Teacher Effectiveness: A Comparative Analysis at Secondary School Level
The prime goal of the study is to explore the 'Teachers Thinking Styles and Teacher Effectiveness: a comparative analysis at secondary school Level'. The study also determines comparison in views of male/female and urban/rural teacher about their thinking styles and teacher effectiveness. The study is descriptive. Two valid and reliable research tools were used, which were structured by the researcher himself. All male/female teachers in the secondary school of southern districts in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa constituted the population of the study. Stratified random sampling technique was adopted following Krejcie, and Morgan rule and 380 teachers were consulted for the collection of data. For analysis, Mean, SD, t-test and correlation were applied as suitable statistics. Findings of the study s ...
1-Ijaz Muhammad PhD Scholar, Department of Education, Qurtuba University of Science & Information Technology, D.I.Khan, KP, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Shah Professor, Department of Education, Qurtuba University of Science & Information Technology, D.I.Khan, KP, Pakistan.3-Malik Amer Atta Assistant Professor, Institute of Education and Research, Gomal University, D.I.Khan, KP, Pakistan.
Teaching Effectiveness, Thinking Styles, Secondary School
COVID-19 Pandemic: Implications of Public Health Emergency on Migration and Repatriation in Pakistan
The study sheds light on the current global; situation posed by a pandemic; COVID 19 and the impact it has brought to a country like Pakistan in terms of repatriation of its migrants. The data gathered for the study were qualitative with an exploratory research design. Content analysis has been used as the primary method and tool for analysis of data that has been gathered from the latest news, updates, articles, blogs, press briefings and articles published on the pandemic and its implications on migrants across the globe and specifically Pakistan over the past six months. The study highlights the effects of these global alterations on human mobility in our local context and efforts made by the Government and its allied institutions in easing out the issues pertaining to the repatriation ...
1-Mahwish Zeeshan Lecturer, Department of Anthropology, PMAS- Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Pakistan.2-Aneela Sultana Assistant Professor, Department of Anthropology, Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Sohima Anzak Senior Lecturer, Department of Humanities & Social Sciences, Bahria University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Transformational Leadership Incorporating Employee Change Acceptance in the Banking Sector: Mediating Effect of Workplace Spirituality
In this era, organizational change is a challenging task, especially to convince employees to accept the change. This study investigates the relationship of employee's acceptance to change with the impact of transformational leadership(TL) and analyses the mediating role of workplace spirituality(WS). Most of the studies in workplace spirituality literature consider transformational leader as an intense stimulation to nurture the spirituality of employees or to make change implementation successful. However, no previous studies explored employee reaction (i.e. acceptance) to change with the potent ingredient of spirituality factors. The data for this purpose was obtained by a time-lagged survey from a sample of 181 employees from private banks of Pakistan, which were used for further analy ...
1-Shuja Ul Islam Assistant Professor, FAST School of Management, National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan. 2-Haider Ali Malik Assistant Professor, FAST School of Management, National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Ghazala Haider Assistant Professor, GIFT University, Gujranwala, Punjab, Pakistan.
Workplace Spirituality, Transformational Leadership, Acceptance to Change
The Journey of PSL Brand (PSL's Marketing Case Study)
Back in 2014, Najam Sethi was pondering over the dilapidated situation of International cricket in Pakistan. He felt dismayed at the prospects of inviting international players after the country's track record of security and terrorism. Feeling nostalgic about the cricket in Pakistan, Sethi went through the PCB's documents and shockingly discovered that PCB is generating no revenue like it used to do until 2009. He was well aware of the fact cricket is the sport that is Pakistan's blood, and every nook and cranny is yearning for live cricket in Pakistan-comparing it with other countries like India, where IPL generates staggering revenues and proved the bordering country with amazement and thrill every year. ...
1-Haider Ali Malik FAST School of Management, National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Haroon Khan FAST School of Management, National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Ghazala Haider Assistant Professor, Faculty of Management Sciences, Gift University, Gujranwala, Punjab, Pakistan.
Social Impediments of Personal Hygiene Practices Among Females in Rural Faisalabad Punjab Pakistan
Good quality personal hygiene is imperative for both health as well as social reasons. It involves keeping your hands, head and body clean so as to prevent the illness and spread of germs. The present study attempts to find out various social impediments which influence personal hygiene practices of women. The respondent of the study was women from rural Faisalabad. The survey research design was carried out, and the interview schedule was adopted as a data collection tool. Sample of 400 rural women was taken using a convenient sample technique. As a result, women have been shown to be extremely conscious of social impediments to personal hygiene. In addition, it has been found that there is a strong correlation between social impediments and personal hygiene practices. The study emphasiz ...
1-Paris Zaka Ullah PhD Scholar, Department of Sociology, GC University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Zahira Batool Professor, Department of Sociology, GC University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Shabbir Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, GC University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
Social Impediments, Women, Hygiene, Public Health, Practices, Cleanliness
Contribution of Social Support, Social Cultural, and Social Interference Factors in Sports Participation of Female Athletes - A Qualitative Approach
The primary purpose of the study was to investigate the social and cultural factors which provide support to female athletes as well as to explore the interferences in their sports participation. Total 43 female student-athletes of secondary schools participated in six focus group interviews. Interviews of these focus groups were recorded and prepared notes from them. The findings revealed that parents support and appreciate their girls in sports at their achievements at a low level. It was revealed from the findings that female athletes have fewer facilities and rewards/incentives. It was found that female athletes were also criticized on their sports dresses in rural areas of Pakistan. On the other hand, few opportunities, sports dress, and gender inequalities were found as big hurdles ...
1-Abida Naseer Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education & Sports Sciences, GC University Faisalabad, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Saeed Javed Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education & Sports Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Husna Batool M.Phil. Scholar, Department of Physical Education & Sports Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
Social Support, Culture, Interference, Female Athletes, Sports Participation, Pakistan
Identification of the Remedial Strategies to Improve Low Academic Achievements of Students at Higher Secondary Level
The present qualitative study was aimed to identify and develop strategies to improve students' low academic achievements at the higher secondary level. For this interviewee, were selected purposively. Individually semi-structured interviews were conducted with thirty interviewees and were audio-recorded. Thematic analysis was applied, and the following themes based on teachers' suggestions were identified: The establishment of the career counselling center, Standardized class size, Enhance academic session, Ban overnight internet package and awareness program, Focus on a mother tongue to clear concepts rather than rote learning, Revisit curriculum and subject combination, Revise evaluation system, Enhance time management skills. This study concluded and proposed a flow chart of remedial s ...
1-Musarrat Jahan PhD Scholar, Department of Education, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Akhtar Ali Dean, Faculty of Education, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Rabia Bahoo Lecturer, Department of Education, Govt Sadiq College Women University, Bahawalpur, Punjab Pakistan.
Agricultural Development under Thal Development Authority (1949-69)
The Thal is a desert in the west of Punjab province of Pakistan having an area of five million-acre. It had been a barren piece of land for centuries. West Pakistan Government not only provided canal water to almost 2.1 million acres of the region but also developed the area from 1949 to 1969. The agricultural development of the Thal region carried out by the Thal Development Authority is a historical event in the history of Pakistan. This study is historical research and data has been collected through primary and secondary sources. This paper will highlight the agricultural development of the region in detail and its socio-economic effects on the masses as well. ...
1-Muhammad Wasim Abbas PhD Scholar, Department of Pakistan Studies, Islamia University Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Imran Ahmad PhD Scholar, Department of Pakistan Studies, Islamia University Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Farooq Akbar Leghari PhD Scholar, Department of Pakistan Studies, Islamia University Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
Agricultural Development, New Villages, Mandi towns, Thal, Thal Canal, Thal Development Authority.
Association Between Teacher-Student Interaction and Students Interpersonal Skills, Self-Management Skills and Academic Behavior
This study aimed to find out the association between secondary school teachers' ways of interaction with students and students' interpersonal skills, self-management skills, and academic behavior. A sample of 2764 students, peers, and teachers was taken from Punjab province. The survey method was used to collect data and analyzed through percentage, mean, and Pearson correlation. Results indicate that uncertainty in teachers having a strong correlation with students' interpersonal skills. Moreover, teachers admonishing style and freedom of students have a significant negative correlation with the self-management skills of students. Whereas, all eight factors about teacher-student interaction remained a positive correlation with the academic behavior of students. ...
1-Rabia Bahoo PhD Scholar, Department of Education, The Islamia University Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan & Lecturer, (Education), The Govt. Sadiq College Women University Bahawalpur.2-Akhtar Ali Dean, Faculty of Education, The Islamia University Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Musarrat Jahan Visiting Lecturer, Department of Education, Govt. Sadiq College Women University, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
Teacher-Student Interaction, Secondary School Students, Peers and Teachers, Interpersonal Skills, Self- Management Skills, Academic Behavior.
Metamorphosis of a Despondent Indian Woman: A Feminist Evaluation of Girish Karnad's Naga-Mandala
The article engages with the feminist approach in Girish Karnad's Naga-Mandala (1988) in the framework of postcolonial gender analysis. Naga-Mandala (1988) addresses the continued uneven power relations between female and male gender. Karnad's female character, Rani, in Naga-Mandala, is primarily pitiable, downgraded and most importantly an object of patriarchal social and political dominance and authority. The paper postulates Rani as a site of theoretical transformations, engaging with issues of gender subjectivity, sexuality, and power positionality in relation to the patriarchal Indian state. It further argues that Rani situates a performative self in the text through an interrogatory narrative voice that succeeds in participating in the critique of patriarchal subjectivity and hegemo ...
The Effects of Shyness and Lack of Confidence as Psychological Barriers on EFL Learners' Speaking Skills: A Case Study of South Punjab
This work investigated the effects of shyness and lack of confidence as psychological barriers on EFL learner' speaking skill, particularly at the public sector colleges, universities and the sub-campuses of these universities located in the South Punjab, Pakistan. This project was scheduled to use a mixed-method type. Majority of the students indicated that there is an insignificant and negative relationship between the variables of shyness, lack of confidence and speaking English achievements. Since, as the shyness and lack of confidence increases, the speaking achievement decreases and as the shyness and lack of confidence decreases the speaking achievement increases. Findings from the explored work indicate that EFL teachers firstly, cultivate proper teaching circumstances by providin ...
1-Muhammad Ahsan Lecturer, Department of English, Ghazi University Dera Ghazi Khan, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Tahira Asgher Assistant Professor, Department of English Linguistics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Zahoor Hussain Lecturer, Department of English, Bahaudin Zakariya Uinversity, Layya Campus, Punjab, Pakistan.
Shyness, Lack of Confidence, Psychological Barriers, EFL Learners
Evaluation of M.Sc Physical Education Program in Public Sector Institutions; Students' Perspective
The present study aimed at evaluation of M.Sc physical education program in public sector institutions in the context of teacher educators. The objectives of the study were (a) to evaluate the M.Sc Physical Education Program in public sector universities and colleges on the basis of CIPP, (b) to explore the strengths and weaknesses of M.Sc Physical Education Program in Pakistan and (c) to suggest measures for further improvement of the M.Sc Program in Pakistan. It was a survey type of descriptive research. A questionnaire for students included 43 items were used for the collection of data. Questionnaire After validating these research instruments, the reliability was ensured on the basis of data obtained from a pilot study. The quantitative data thus collected through questionnaire were ta ...
1-Zulfiqar Ali PET, Department of Education, GMS Shaidu District Nowshera, KP, Pakistan.2-Asad Khan PhD Scholar, Department of Education, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.3-Farooq Hussain HOD, Department of Physical Education, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
Evaluation, Physical Education Program, Public Sector Institutions, Students, Teachers.
Breast Cancer Awareness Media Campaigns in Pakistan: Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Women
The core objective of the study was to find out the knowledge, attitude and practices of women in the general population and also to investigate the significant role of media awareness campaigns in each aspect of KAP among women. A total number of n=375 women of three renowned universities of southern Punjab were selected through simple random sampling technique. Data was collected through a self-constructed questionnaire comprised of socio-economic status and knowledge, attitude and practices section in their respective educational institutes. Findings indicated that media campaigns had established good knowledge and satisfactory attitude towards breast cancer, but these campaigns are proved less significant in convincing people for screening their breast without any prominent symptoms. T ...
1-Arsha Saleem Meer Lecturer, Department of Mass Communication, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Rao Shahid Mahmood Khan Assistant Professor, Department of Media Studies, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Malik Adnan Assistant Professor, Department of Media Studies, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
Attitude, Breast Cancer, Knowledge, Practices, Media Campaigns, Women
Identities at the Borders of Balochistan: An Ethnolinguistic Study of Saraiki Speaking Baloch Tribes
Balochistan shares a border with Punjab and Sindh, which makes Balochistan a linguistically diverse province. Within
ethnic groups residing in Balochistan, there is a huge variety of languages spoken. This scenario raises the question of the
ethno-linguistic identity of people residing at the borders of Balochistan. The present study focuses on the ethnic and
linguistic identity of Baloch tribes that speak Saraiki and reside at the Balochistan Punjab border and Balochistan Sindh
border. The study explores the role of language in the identity formation of Saraiki speaking Baloch tribes. The data is
collected through Semi-Structured interviews of 10 Saraiki speaking Baloch. The findings revealed that the replacement of
Balochi language with Saraiki language has little or no influence o ...
1-Mehwish Malghani Assistant Professor, Department of English, Sardar Bahadur Khan Women's University, Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan.2-Fouzia Rehman Khan Assistant Professor, Department of English,Sardar Bahadur Khan Women's University Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan.3-Shumaila Mazher Assistant Professor, Department of English, Sardar Bahadur Khan Women's University, Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan.
Linguistic Identity, Ethnic Identity, Culture and Language.
Subversion and Exclusive Identity in Palestinian Fiction by Women
Palestinian fiction by women subverts and challenges the existing gender paradigms and traditional patriarchal norms in the Arab culture. This paper explores Huzama Habayeb's novel Velvet with the theoretical backing of Julia Kristeva's concept of abjection, thus maintaining that a critical focus on the nexus between distinctive performativity and exclusive identities offers an alternative stance to the oppressive patriarchy in the Arab world. With the recent refugee crisis in the Muslim world, these narratives become extremely important and relevant, offering a space where issues of gender, identity, patriarchy, and religion erupt and coincide. Unveiling the construct of the female gender as only a set of performative norms instead of being an existentialist reality offers distinctive gen ...
1-Ammara Amin PhD Scholar, Department of English, Government College University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Ali Usman Saleem Assistant Professor, Department of English, Government College University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan. 3-Asma Haseeb Qazi Assistant Professor, Department of English, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Unveiling Aural/Oral Skills in Grade VIII English Textbook
The present study aims to examine the incorporation of aural/oral skills in the Grade VIII English textbook prescribed by the Punjab textbook board (PTBB). The study was conducted in the light of a checklist based on the competencies and students' learning outcomes given in the National Curriculum for English (2006), Pakistan. The competencies intended to enable learners to become fluent in their speech. The study was qualitative, and a thematic analysis approach was used to analyze the data. The findings of the research revealed that contradictory scenario. The textbook understudy does not allow learners to improve their aural/oral skills. The aural/oral competency was seen in some proportion. Still, reiteration was seen in the practice parts in which only dialogues were given repeatedly ...
1-Sana Baig Lecturer, Department of TESOL, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Fareeha Javed Assistant Professor, Head of TESOL Department, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Fasiha Altaf Ph.D. Scholar, Institute of Education and Research, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Oral/Aural Skills, Pronunciation, National English Curriculum, Competency, Student learning Outcomes and grade VIII and English textbook.
Cultural and Historical Progression: The Psychology of Literary Allusions in Theodore Dreiser's The Financier (Trilogy of Desire)
The psychology of allusion is often multi-faceted as a reference to an artefact, which could be a character from a literary
piece, the quoted words of a character, a place in the country or an event from history. The reference item should be familiar
to the readers. The current research identifies literary allusion in The Financer (1912) and the characters referred to Ouida's
Tricotrin (1869), Charlotte Bronte's Jane Eyre (1847), Amelia Edith Huddleston Barr's A Bow of Orange Ribbon (1886),
Edward Bulwer Lytton's Kenelm Chillingly (1874), and William Shakespeare's Macbeth (1603) which is explained with
reference to the plot of Theodore Dreiser's Trilogy of Desire: The Financier (1912), The Titan (1914) and The Stoic
(1947). The available literature review testified that a thorough ev ...
1-Sahibzada Aurangzeb HEC Scholar (PhD), Qurtuba University of Science and Technology Hayatabad, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.2-Liaqat Iqbal Assistant Professor, Department of English, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.3-Sahibzada Jehanzeb HEC Scholar (PhD), Qurtuba University of Science and Technology Hayatabad, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.
Allusion, Multi-Facet, Culture, History, Intended Meaning
Lacking Interest of Students in Study: A Sociological Analysis of the University of Sindh, Jamshoro
Education institutions are grappled with the issue of lacking interest of students in the study. Thus, this study was conducted
to find out reasons for the lacking interest of students in the study. This was a quantitative research approach. The purposive
sampling method was used as a judgement of the researcher to seek only low academic results students in order to furnish
the research objectives. The scales were developed to measure the various concepts given in the form of hypothetic statements.
The results show that the perceived teaching method was positively related to respondents' interest in the study. The low
interest is further triggered by respondents' lack of intrinsic commitment to study. This study concludes that interest was
lacking due to both motives intrinsic as wel ...
1-Pervaiz Ali Mahesar Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan.2-Mubina Pathan Associate Professor, Information Technology Center, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Sindh, Pakistan.3-Zareen Qadeer Lecturer, Department of Social Work, University of Sindh, Jamshro, Sindh, Pakistan.
Lacking Interest, Teaching Method, Intrinsic Commitment, and Extrinsic Motivation
The Effectiveness of using EyeRIS to Improve English Communication Skills of Primary Students
The arrival of technology has opened doors to different opportunities. A number of institutions have integrated technology
effectively in their learning environments to improve teamwork as well as to reform education as a whole. The aim of this
study was to explore the effectiveness of EyeRIS to improve English Communication skills at the Primary School level at one
of the elite private schools in Lahore, Pakistan. The study employed a qualitative structured interview for data collection.
A purposive sampling technique was used to select the sample. The sample comprised five primary English language teachers.
The findings of the study revealed that EyeRIS has a significant impact on improving the Communicative Skills of primary
students. It helps to improve the receptive as well as p ...
1-Fareeha Javed Head, Department of TESOL, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Saher Tariq MA, Department of TESOL, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Sana Baig Lecturer, Department of TESOL, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Communicative Competence, Instructional Strategies, EyeRIS, Sensor Technology, English Language Teaching
Relationship between Work-Family Conflict and Job Satisfaction of Female Teachers of Universities
The present correlation study was aimed to examine the relationship between work-family conflict and job satisfaction
among female teachers in the universities of Lahore. The population of the study was female teachers of public and private
universities in Lahore City. The total number of female university teachers was one thousand four hundred and ninetyseven. Four hundred and fifty female university teachers (30% of the total population) were selected as a sample of the
study. The questionnaire developed by Carlson, Kacmar, & Wayne (2000) was used to measure work-family conflict, and
the questionnaire developed by Hayat (1998) was used to measure job satisfaction. Multiple regression, independent sample
t-test and one-way ANOVA were used to analyze the data. Independent sample t-tes ...
The Interplay of Rhetoric and Voting Behavior in Pakistan: The Perspective of Youth
Political communication is one of the major aspects of any political system. The speeches of politicians, especially the
political party leaders, are an important source of political awareness regarding pertinent issues facing any country.
However, politicians often rely on political rhetoric to appeal to the emotions of prospective voters. This paper explored the
use of political rhetoric in political discourse in Pakistan. Political rhetoric pertains to exaggeration of reality and distortion
of facts to change the views and perception of the public. Politicians actively use this as a tool to gain the support of their
potential voters in their electoral campaigns. The researchers analyzed the statements of leaders of three major political
parties in Pakistan. It has been concluded f ...
1-Shabnam Gul In-Charge, Department of IR, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Zainab Asif Dar Lecturer, School of Integrated Social Science, University of Lahore, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Kishwar Munir Assistant Professor, School of Integrated Social Science, University of Lahore, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Political Communication, Rhetoric, Post-Truth Politics, Voting Behavior
Islamic Scholars' Research Intends and Trends at University Level
In this era, research is considered a source of success and development in developed countries. The objectives of the study
were to sort out the intends of research scholars in universities and to check the research trends in universities; to investigate
the role of research facilities and research culture in promoting research attitude among university students; and to explore
the relationship among research culture, research attitude and research facilities at universities. The sample of the study
consisted of 341 Islamic research scholars from four distinguished universities of Punjab through a simple random sampling
technique. It is empirically estimated the association among research facilities in universities (RFU), research culture in
universities (RCU) and research attitude i ...
1-Muhammad Qasim Ali PhD Scholar, Department of Education, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Latif Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Preston University, Kohat, KP, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Latif Javed Lecturer, Department of Education, Islamic University Bahawalpur (Bahawalnagar Campus), Punjab, Pakistan.
Islamic Scholars, Research intends, Trends, Universities
Impact of International Trade of Higher Education on Universities' Performance
The central theme of the research work was to examine the impact of International Trade of Higher Education (IToHE) on
universities' performance. The nature of the article was descriptive; as a consequence, the data of the study was assembled
by means of survey and interview. The targeted population was comprised of all BS, MS, PhD students, faculty and
administration from all general public universities of Punjab, which were included in the HEC ranking in 2015. The
purposive sampling technique and multiphase strategy were applied to specify the sample. Data was collected via two
research instruments. To assemble quantitative data, a questionnaire was planned on six factors, i.e. Leadership role (LR),
Quality Teaching (QT), Research (R), University Ranking (UR), Community Perception ...
1-Anfa Tabassum PhD Scholar, Department of Educational Training, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Abdul Hameed Qamar PhD Scholar, Department of Educational Training, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Uzma Shahzadi Assistant Professor, Department of Education, University of Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan.
Mobility of Teacher/Students, Internationalization of Higher Education, GATS, Brain Drain, Global Trade, Global Citizen, University Ranking, Quality Teaching