Promoting Student's Awareness about Peace Education at University Level through Active Citizenship Program
This current paper investigated the perceptions and views of university students of the Active Citizenship Program at the BS
level. Public sector universities that were offering a course of active citizenship program according to purposive sampling and were five in
number. By using the Purposive sampling technique, 150 students of the 4th semesters, 75 participants and 75 non-participants of the
Active Citizenship Program and were made part of the study. SPSS was used to analyze the quantitative data, and for the purpose of
finding different independent t-test was applied between the responses of the participants and non-participants of the program. The result
indicated that awareness programs/ courses related to peace education helped students to get awareness. The present program an ...
1-Sayeda Tatheer Zainab MPhil Scholar, Department of Education, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Ishrat Siddiqa Lodhi Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Safura Fatima MPhil Scholar, Department of Education, National College of Business Administration & Economics Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
Peace Education, Active Citizenship, Students Awareness
Exploring the Interconnection between Native American Land/Environment and Women
This article explores the relationship between Native American lands/environment and the women from ecocritical
/ecofeminist perspectives. It has been postulated that while the Euro- American accounts of the history, culture, indigenous women and
their relation with nature/land project stereotypical, negative images, Louise Erdrich, through the employment of hybrid narrative
techniques combining Eurocentric and Native American modes of narration, has reconfigured the Native American women's environmental
identity/subjectivity. This study conducts discourse analysis of the two richly thematic environmental narratives of Louise Erdrich to
establish the interconnectivity between women and lands within the realm of ecofeminism. The primary texts explored include Tracks and
Love Medicine. ...
1-Mumtaz Ahmad Assistant Professor/Principal, Government Guru Nanak Postgraduate College, Nankana Sahib, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Amara Javed Assistant Professor, Department of English, Government College Woman University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Asim Aqeel Assistant Professor, Department of Humanities & Linguistics, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
Socio-Cultural Causes of Kala Kali (Honour Killing): A Case of Tehsil Jam Pur
Pakistani rural people have to face many problems under the umbrella of tribal laws and customs. These cultural norms and
tribal laws compel the people to kill their wives, sisters, mothers and daughters in the name of so-called "honour". The major objectives
of the study were to explore the socio-cultural causes of kali kali (honor killing) and to see the impacts of kala kali on victim's family.
The cases of fourteen victims were studied where the members of victim's family were informants as victims themselves were not available.
The result of the present study shows that the lust for money, feudalism, illiteracy and lack of awareness about human rights are the causes
of kala kali. It can be reduced by increasing awareness and education. Government should launch some policies like a ...
1-Saima Afzal Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Hammad Raza Lecturer (Visiting), Institute of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan. 3-Adeela Manzoor PhD Scholar, Department of Rural Sociology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
Honor Killing, Role of Sardar, Fake Honor Killings, Disrespecting the Respect
Evaluating Unemployment through Grey Incidence Analysis Model: A Study of One Hundred Thirteen Selected Countries
The purpose of the study is to gauge the unemployment level of selected one hundred and thirteen countries. The design of
the study includes a survey of the literature, extraction of relevant data and analysis. The study follows a quantitative paradigm of
research that uses secondary data set taken from the website of World Development Indicators (WDI). The analysis encompasses selected
countries based on the availability of data. The data has been analyzed using Grey Incidence Analysis Model, commonly known as GRA.
For interpretation of the results, the methodology has been augmented with the scheme of ensigns (i.e. classification of countries into
Extremely Low, Very Low, Low, Moderate, High, Very High, Extremely High) of the level of unemployment. Results show that J&APR
have an e ...
1-Abdul Aziz Khan Niazi Institute of Business & Management, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Tehmina Fiaz Qazi Hailey College of Banking and Finance, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Abdul Basit Lahore Institute of Science & Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Democracy and Federalism in Pakistan: An Analysis of PPP Government (2008-2013)
Pakistan adopted a federal democratic system with a parliamentary type of governance. However, the political history of
Pakistan reflects a deviation from parliamentary democracy and the least concern towards the institutionalization of its political system.
The centralization of power, authoritarianism, the power thirst of political parties and the imbalance of civil-military relations always
affected the democratic course of Pakistan. As a result of the 2008 elections, a power transition occurred from the military to the civilians.
Pakistan People Party, after assuming power, restored the 1973 constitution to its original shape under the landmark 18th constitutional
amendment. It reinforced parliamentary democracy and revisited federalism with complete autonomy for provinces abolish ...
1-Iltaf Khan PhD Scholar, Department of Pakistan Study Center, University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.2-Farman Ullah Assistant Professor, Department of Pakistan Study Center, University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.3-Bakhtiar Khan Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Buner, KP, Pakistan.
Democracy, Federalism, Provincial Autonomy, Women Empowerment, 18th Amendment
The Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Moral Stability of the Religious Education Students
This research was undertaken to assess the relationship between EI and MS of RE students. The researchers attempted to find
out the differences in EI and MS due to different demographic variables such as age groups, marital status, and class. A purposive sampling
technique was used for data collection from 200 RE students. The findings revealed that RE students had a moderate level of EI and high
MS. The findings indicated that there was no significant relationship between EI and MS. Significant differences were not found in EI
and MS among different age groups and different worldly academic degree holder students. This research also revealed that there was no
significant difference between senior and junior students regarding EI. On the basis of research findings, it is recommended t ...
1-Ali Hussain Arif National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan2-Muhammad Majid Mahmood Bagram Associate Professor, Department of Business Administration, Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Haider Ali National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Emotional Intelligence (EI), Moral Stability (MS), Religious Education (RE), Students
From Deconstruction to Reconstruction: Indian and Nigerian Nationalism and Colonial Encounter in Comparative Perspective
The article converses how the culture and history of the Indians and Nigerians were mutilated by the colonists by creating
the adverse stereotypes of the indigenous people as uncivilized whose history and societal ideals were annulled as mock and vicious that
required the instructive mediation of the Europeans and, correspondingly how the dramatists of the two said countries interrupt and oust
overriding and tyrannical European data. I have explored in the article through which technique the biculturalism in Rabindranath
Tagore and Wole Soyinka's temperament and background enabled them both to develop a style of syncretic dramaturgy for the cultural
relations that imperialism created in their nations. Primarily expert in abilities that empowered them to accomplish noteworthy functions ...
Humanizing Women in Children Fiction: A Deconstructionist Reading of Girard's Girl Mans Up
The present study explores how children fiction nuances the socialization of girls and boys in phallogocentric writings and
societies. The teen-protagonists in children fiction highlight the prescribed socialization vis-a-vis the gender binary and contest against
the overemphasized concept of girlhood and boyhood. The social prescription of how a girl and boy would behave essentializes their role
in traditional patriarchal societies. They grow up as cultural beings and not as individuals. Simone de Beauvoir, a French Feminist
Existentialist, jargonizes this socialization as 'the eternal feminine' in order to highlight the nature of gender binary in traditional
patriarchal societies. Following this notion of de Beauvoir, this study deconstructs the socialization of children vis-a-vis t ...
1-Sana Sajjad MPhil English, Department of English, Government, College University, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Asma Aftab Assistant Professor, Department of English, Government, College University, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Nafees Parvez PhD Scholar, Department of English, Government, College University, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
Children Fiction, Deconstruction, Episteme(s), Essentialization, The Eternal Feminine, Feminism
The Role of Backward Design in Improving Writing skills of Pakistani Undergraduate Students
This study aimed to investigate the role of the backward design approach to improve undergraduate students' writing skills.
A limited number of studies have been conducted on this issue internationally; however, this was the first study undertaken in the Pakistani
context. The study employed a quantitative approach and quasi-experimental design. The data was collected through a quantitative pre
and post questionnaire dispensed to 175 undergraduate students enrolled in the first year of the Bachelor of Studies program in a university
in Pakistan. The findings offered a broad picture of the positive role of the intervention on undergraduate students writing skills. The
difference proved that the backward design approach has a substantial effect on improving students' writing skills in t ...
1-Farheen Saeed PhD Scholar, Faculty of Education, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Fareeha Javed Head of TESOL Department, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
English as a Second Language (ESL), Backward Design (BD), Writing Skills, Undergraduate Students, Pakistan
Relationship between Mindfulness and Enabling School Structure in Secondary School Teachers of Punjab
This quantitative research was undertaken with the purpose to explore the relationship between enabling school structure (ESS) and mindfulness in secondary school teachers of Punjab. The population for this research study was comprised of 48652 SSTs working in 662 government high schools spread across the province of Punjab. Using a two-stage random sampling technique, 1266 secondary SSTs were selected from 216 government high schools out of 18 districts. The response rate was 74.47%. Form-ESS and M-Scale were adapted with prior permission. A pilot study was conducted to confirm the validity as well as reliability of the instrument. Necessary changes were made in the light of pilot testing. It was correlational research, and data were collected through a cross-sectional survey. Descriptive ...
Investigating Matriarchal Mimicry of Patriarchy in a Pakistani Novel
In an Eastern society, the institution of matrimony is influenced by social, cultural, psychological, emotional, religious and
familial influences. Using concepts of "mimicry" and "the Other" under theoretical stances of mimicry by Bhaba (1994) and "the Other"
by Simone De Beauvoir (1956), How it Happened (2013) is investigated in this study. These frameworks explicate the violation and
suppression of women in terms of matrimonial affairs in the novel. The findings revealed that the elderly female characters mimic the
patriarchal norms by extending them to the next level through matriarchy. It is found that the matriarchy by the elder female characters
is authoritative, unchallenged and influential that even the male characters in the novel cannot interfere in the female jurisdiction ...
1-Zainab Akram Assistant Professor, Department of English, Sardar Bahadur Khan Women University, Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan. 2-Saima Yousaf Khan Lecturer, University of Balochistan, Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan.3-Amara Khan Assistant Professor, Department of English, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Mimicry, The Other, Sexism, Patriarchy, Matriarchy
A Study of Awareness and Knowledge about Epidermodysplasia Verruciformis-A Genetic Disorder
Tree man syndrome is a rare inherited skin disorder, including persistent infection caused by human
papillomavirus, as a result of which a defect in cell-mediated immunity takes place. This infection results in the growth of
scaly macules and papules, mostly on the feet and hands. It is a lifelong disorder that can be treated in surgical and nonsurgical ways. A questionnaire or awareness-based study was conducted among the population of Karachi, Pakistan (both
medical and non-medical). It was attended by 506 individuals. To raise the consciousness of this illness. The questions
evaluated their knowledge of tree man illness, the possible consequences of the condition and the latest therapies. More
than 80% of people were totally unaware of tree man disorder. Only 10% of people were awa ...
1-Tania Naveel MPHIL Scholar, Department of Pharmacology, Jinnah University for Women, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.2-Sidra Afzal PHD Scholar, HITEC-IMS Medical College, Taxila Cantonment, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Mahira Afzal Communication Officer, United Nations World (WFP), Pakistan.
Investigating Learners' Perceptions about the Role of English Language Curriculum Set in Boosting Communicative Competence of the Students: The South Punjab Scenario
The purpose of this work was to investigate learners' perceptions about the role of the English language curriculum set in
boosting the communicative competence of the students of South Punjab. The present research was planned to use a mixed method. Most
of the students showed that the curriculum designed for L2 learners causes negative effects in the process of L2 learning as it does not
satisfy the communicative needs of the students. To make sure the effective use of textbooks or curriculum for L2 learning, there are certain
steps that English teachers and learners can take to make better use of the English curriculum to improve learners' communicative
competence. To make sure better language learning through textbooks and other teaching materials, teachers must play a vital role i ...
1-Muhammad Ahsan Lecturer, Department of English, Ghazi University Dera Ghazi Khan, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Syed Waseem Azhar Seemab Assistant Professor, Department of English, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Rahimyar Khan Campus, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Shahid Nawaz Assistant Professor, Department of English, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
Learners, English Curriculum, Boosting, Communicative, Competence, EFL
Evolving Migration Trends from Afghanistan: Management and Honourable Repatriation of Afghan Refugees in Pakistan
Since 1979, Pakistan has been a key player in the management of Afghan refugees despite challenging economic and security
conditions. The repatriation efforts in the past could not bring conclusive results as a significant population still live in Pakistan. The
outbreak of COVID 19 has increased their vulnerability due to inadequate quarantine and health facilities. The positive political
developments by way of new elections and a political settlement with the Taliban provide an opportunity for honourable repatriation of
Afghan refugees. This article investigates the dilemma in the management of Afghan refugees in Pakistan and suggests a viable course of
action for their honourable repatriation to Afghanistan. ...
1-Waseem Ishaque Assistant Professor, Department of International Relations, National University of Modern Languages (NUML), Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Shabnam Gul Assistant Professor, Department of International Relations, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Faizan Asghar MPhil, Peace & Counter Terrorism Studies, Minhaj University Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Social Media, Afghan Refugees, Management of Afghan Refugees, Repatriation of Afghan Refugees, Protracted Migration Crises
Modi's Strategic Concerns and China's Belt & Road Imitative (BRI): A Realist Perspective
This article provides a conceptual and theoretical framework to analyze motivations of China in BRI, which is conceived as
a project of the 21st century for the revival of erstwhile Asian values, this paper is not a critique on BRI, but it securitizes India's concern
whose policymakers consider that it can harm the strategic interest of India. This paper investigates why Indian policymakers have
demonstrated reluctance to join BRI. Moreover, the study also explores the major reasons behind India's belligerent policy against BRI
because they conceive it as a danger for their national sovereignty. Besides, this research has applied realist theory as an investigative tool
to prove Indian concerns. As a whole, the paper analyses that how far the rivalry between both states can harm region ...
1-Shabnam Gul Ph.D. Political Science, Department of International Relations, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Faizan Asghar Terrorism Analyst Course from RSIS, Nanyang Technological University Singapore, United Nations Protection of Civilians and Critical Infrastructures Course, CIPS, NUST Pakistan.3-Iram Naseer Ahmed Assistant Professor, Department of History, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. Visiting Scholar, Arizona State University, USA.
Energy Crisis in Pakistan (2008-2018): Impact on Industrial Sector
Energy is considered the backbone of the economy of any state. Similarly, the economy of Pakistan is heavily dependent on
energy. Pakistan is an agricultural country, and it earns foreign exchange by exporting agricultural commodities. However, Pakistan is
facing an energy crisis due to multiple factors. This research will provide a historical analysis of the energy crisis in Pakistan. This energy
crisis has affected the industrial sector and economic growth of Pakistan. This paper will highlight the different factors that have
contributed to the rise of energy demand in the country. The dynamics that have caused the failure of successive governments in Pakistan
to anticipate the constantly increasing demand for energy are also discussed in this research. The long hour's load sheddin ...
1-Muqarrab Akbar Chairman, Department of Political Science, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Anum Riaz Research Scholar, Department of Political Science, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Tahir Hassan Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan.
Pakistan; Energy Crisis, Industrial Sector, Economy
A Genre Based Study of Selected Dental Brochures in Pakistan
This research aims to find out how dental brochures in Pakistan are designed to advertise and sell dental products. Bhatia's
(1993) model of sales promotion letters is used to analyze the structure of the selected dental brochures. This study is qualitative that
focuses on the structure of the dental brochures in Pakistan. The purpose of this research was to find out if the dental brochure designers
in Pakistan are following the defined moves of sales promotion letter. Hence, by applying Bhatia's (1993) model of sales promotion, the
results showed that dental brochure designers in Pakistan focus on the communicative purposes defined by Bhatia. Moreover, after
analyzing the structure, it is revealed that the dental brochures follow move 5 and move 2 more than other moves as move 5 is f ...
1-Maryam Dua e Fatima Research Scholar, Department of English, The Women University Multan, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Mamona Yasmin Khan Assistant Professor, Department of English, The Women University Multan, Punjab, Pakistan. 3-Masroor Sibtain Assistant Professor Department of English, Government Graduate College of Science, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan.
asfasfasf Brochures, Dental Brochures, Genre Analysis, Bhatia's Model
Science Curriculum Implementation in Educational Settings: A Case of Public Secondary Schools of Sukkur, Sindh
Many reforms have been taking place in the development and implementation of education curriculum across the globe to
uplift the standard of education. In 2006, the Government of Pakistan had revised the science curriculum of secondary grades after few
decades to meet the challenges of modern times. The current study has adopted a quantitative approach it the descriptive research design
was used. The data was collected through a questionnaire. The reliability of the questionnaire was found to Cronbach alpha =0.723
which is reliable. The percentages, mean and standard deviation was calculated. The findings of the study revealed that the science
curriculum could not be implemented properly due to the inclusion of extra topics in the science curriculum of secondary grade, time
1-Shazma Nandwani PhD Scholar, Department of Education, Iqra University, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.2-Amjad Ali Rind MPhil Research Scholar, Department of Education, Sukkur IBA University, Sindh, Pakistan.3-Masood Ahmed Dool MPhil Research Scholar, Department of Education, Sukkur IBA University, Sindh, Pakistan.
Curriculum Implementation, National Science Curriculum, Curriculum Upgradation, Pakistan
Ethnic Fault Lines and the Case for The Creation of New Provinces in Pakistan: An Appraisal
This article seeks to analyze the discourse around the creation of new provinces in Pakistan. The demand for carving out new
federating units is a popular and long-standing proposal in some areas of the country with a long history of ethnic sub-nationalism fuelled
by the real and imagined sense of political alienation and economic deprivation. This demand has been raised from time to time based on
the distribution of national resources, and on ethnic grounds, and sometimes on the basis of socio-economic backwardness of the relevant
areas. The demand for a 'Saraiki Province', 'Bahawalpur Province', 'Hazara Province are some major cases. This case study will focus on
the different factors, including, most importantly, the constitutional setup and role of different political parties of P ...
1-Azhar Mahmood Abbasi Lecturer, Department of Pakistan Studies, National University of Modern Languages, (NUML), Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Shoaib Malik Associate Professor, Department of Pakistan Studies, National University of Modern Languages, (NUML), Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Syed Hamid Mahmood Bukhari Assistant Professor, Department of Pakistan Studies, National University of Modern Languages, (NUML), Islamabad, Pakistan.
Ethnic Faultline, Re-Demarcation, Sub-Nationalism, Re-Organization, Pakistani Constitution, Political Parties, Ethnic Group, New Provinces, Politics of Identity, Multiculturalism
Prominence of Social Stigmas and Hierarchies in Folk Theatre Artists' Conscience
This article probes into an exploration of Social stigmas and hierarchies in Saeed's Forgotten Faces that result in the
detachment of an artist in society. The colonial rule of society proposed a new value to this research which mainly focuses on discrimination
which leads towards the demise of folk theatre and its artists. Demise is the outcome of psychological discrepancies that come their way.
This hegemonic supremacy of societal rules compels them to not have their own discourse and their desired way of spending life. They
cannot keep their personal lives private. Being in this profession, artists sacrifice many things that a person from another profession can't
dare to think so. In the finale, the present study contextualizes within the boarder of Freud's theory of personality an ...
An Analytical Study on HR Practices in the Public Sector Universities of Azad Jammu and Kashmir
The primary focus of this paper was to analyze the impact of performance evaluation, compensation and promotion on
perceived employee performance. Primary data collection was collected from 214 employees serving in various universities of AJK. Data
were analyzed through correlation and regression by running SPSS software. Results revealed that all selected HR practices were positively
related to employee perceived performance and employee commitment. Employee commitment has also been tested as the mediator between
HR practices and employee perceived performance. As per reference (Barren and Kenney, 1986), partial mediation of employee
commitment was found between the HR practices and employee perceived performance. The study indicates that if an organization wishes
its workforce to b ...
1-Faheem Ghaznafar Associate Professor, Department of Public Administration, University of Kotli, Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJ&K), Pakistan.2-Ghulam Nabi Assistant Professor, Department of Business Administration, University of Kotli, Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJ&K), Pakistan.3-Quratul Ain Assistant Professor, Department of Public Administration, University of Kotli, Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJ&K), Pakistan.
HR Practices, Employee Commitment, Employee Perceived Performance, AMO Theory, Social Exchange Theory
Sexual and Self-Objectification: A Feminist Analysis of Selected Pakistani Short Stories in English
This study aims to explore the problems of sexual and self-objectification in selected short stories of Pakistani female writers writing in English. The study focuses on Talat Abbasi's Simple Questions, Bina Shah's The Wedding of Sundari, Shaila Abdullah's Moment of Reckoning, Qaisara Shahraz's A Pair of Jeans, Zaib-un-Nissa Hamidullah’s The Bull and the She-Devil. The study uses the theoretical framework of Fredrickson and Roberts’ sexual objectification. Sexual and self-objectification is very significant and a different issue faced by the women in the patriarchal society. This study argues that women are not only sexually abused in society and treated like useless objects, but also they internalize this attitude of society and behave as the patriarchal society expects from them. This be ...
1-Sajid Ali Assistant Professor of English, Higher Education Department, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Shabana Iqbal MPhil Scholar, Department of English, Institute of Southern Punjab, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Maleeha Akhtar Mulghani MPhil Scholar, Department of English, Institute of Southern Punjab, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan.
Bureaucratic Leadership Style and Teachers' Professionalism: A Case Study of Public Sector Universities
This research aims at examining the role of bureaucratic leadership style on teachers' professionalism in public sector
universities and the difference between bureaucracy and professionalism, with a special reference to legal-rational authority. A validated
self-structured closed-ended questionnaire with a 5-point Likert scale was designed for data collection from a sample of 40 teachers of
Public Sector Universities. An Ordinal Regression Analysis (ORA) was used to analyze the data. The findings of the study show no
significant difference between the role of bureaucratic leadership and teachers' professionalism in university as they are interrelated,
having a direct link of professionalism with individuals' approaches, behaviors and performance. The results also revealed that the
1-Umair Arshad Former Research Scholar, Department of Education, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Obaid Ullah Lecturer, Department of Education, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Uzma Malik Lecturer, Department of Pakistan Studies, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Louise Erdrich's Portrayal of Spatial Predicament of Pregnant Bodies in Tracks
The present study aims to revisit Native American woman's experience of out of placeness due to her pregnancy in Louise
Erdrich's Tracks. The study argues that the protagonist experiences spatial identity crisis within the socio-spatial paradigms. The present
work reread the novel through the theoretical formulations of Tim Cresswell and Iris Marian Young. The notion of out of placeness is
constituted upon the premise that an individual's failure to develop belongingness to a particular space and place is caused by multiple
factors. Pregnancy, as Young asserts, destabilizes an individual's idea of a 'subject'. With these theoretical underpinnings, that study
maintains that the protagonist of the novel experiences out of placeness and develops a fractured spatial identity in the novel ...
1-Fasih ur Rehman Lecturer in English, Khushal Khan Khattak University Karak, KP, Pakistan.2-Gohar Munir Mukhi MS in English, Department of English, The National College of Business Administration and Economics, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Qamar Sumaira Lecturer in English, Department of English, Institute of Southern Punjab, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan.
Erdrich, Native American Body, Out of Placeness, Place, Pregnancy, Space
Implications of the Enigmatic Rise of Taliban: A Historical Perspective
The rise of the Taliban in Afghanistan in 1994 was the opening of a new chapter in the current Afghan history while
Afghanistan's socio-political environment was in disorder. The emergence of the Taliban was a new phenomenon, and no one expected
that an ordinary militia would become a strong power in Afghanistan. Taliban was a highly secret force that had neither formal structure
nor any formal membership. It was also believed that the Taliban were Pakistan protege. Their rise to power in Afghanistan had a profound
impact on Pakistan's society. Violence, drug trade, corruption and soared with the rise of the Taliban. Pakistan aimed in the militia
support a friendly regime in Kabul and strategic equilibrium in the region. However, the Taliban harsh policies against women and
Human Rig ...
Current Situation and Administrative Measures taken by Principals of Special Education Centers in Punjab
It is consenting fact up to believe the magnitude regarding instruction for each man or woman then nation cannot keep denied
and its charge will increase salvo, particularly there is a count number about impairments yet disabilities. This study was aimed to find
out the current situation and administrative measures by special school principals. The study was quantitative in nature, and a survey
method was used for data collection. A self-compiled questionnaire was used for data collection. The sample of the study consisted of 31
principals in special education centers in Punjab. Descriptive statistics Mean and Standard Deviation was used to analyze the data. The
findings of the study revealed that most principals were strongly agreed to adopted different strategies in special educatio ...
Teachers' Perceptions about the Implementation of Activity Based Teaching at Primary School Level in Punjab, Pakistan
The activity-based teaching method is a technique adopted by a teacher to emphasize his/her method of teaching through
activity. The key purpose of this study was to explore the teachers' perceptions about the implementation of activity-based teaching at the
primary school level in Punjab, Pakistan. This study was quantitative and descriptive in nature. The sample consisted of 800 teachers
from 200 schools through a multi-stage random sampling technique. The questionnaire was used on a five-point Likert scale for data
collection. Inferential statistical analysis techniques such as frequency, percentage, mean scores, standard deviation and independentsample t-test were used for data analysis. The results of the study illustrated that activity-based teaching had a positive effect on stud ...
1-Fozia Parveen PhD Scholar, Department of Education, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Irem Mushtaq Assistant Professor, Department of Education, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
Implementation, Activity-Based Teaching, Efficient Learning Experiences, Pedagogical Approaches to Teaching
Analysis of Urban Transport in Peshawar for User-Friendliness
This survey-based study was aimed to examine and evaluate the level of accessibility and security at the BRT stations in
Peshawar. The study focused on female passengers of all ages. Only three stations were selected for the study, and the number of respondents
at each station was kept up to 50. A questionnaire comprised of only eight questions was designed for this purpose. Respondents had three
choices in their responses. Data obtained through the questionnaire revealed that a majority of the respondents were satisfied with the
arrangements made at all three stations, although there was a clear difference between the figures obtained at different stations. The study
suggests additional provisions at elevated and underground stations for disabled women. ...
1-Shahid Mansoor Khan Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, University of Engineering and Technology, Abbottabad Campus, KP, Pakistan.2-Adnan Anwar Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Hazara University, Mansehra, KP, Pakistan.3-Hamid Zulfiqar MPhil Scholar, Department of Conservation Studies, Hazara University, Mansehra, KP, Pakistan.
Problems and Prospects of Decentralization in Pakistan: A Study of Musharraf Devolution Plan
Pakistan has had a long history devolution plan since independence. However, every local government has been masterminded
and implemented by the military dictator. Musharraf, after taking over the affairs of the government, introduced a system of local selfgovernment whose elections were to be held on a non-party basis. Although this was one good initiative as the system transferred powers
to the gross root level by empowering the local population, tried to ensure the financial autonomy of the local government institutions,
and provided for the civilian supremacy of the elected representatives over the more powerful bureaucracy. However, despite all these good
points, the system came under hot criticism for many of the loopholes that the authorities filed to address. Perhaps, the most ...
1-Sanaullah Demonstrator, Department of Political Science, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.2-Tasneem Sarwat Visiting Lecturer, Department of Pakistan Studies, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.3-Hina Rehman Lecture in Pakistan Studies, Government Girls Degree College, TimerGara, Lower Dir, KP, Pakistan.
Local Government, Musharraf, Devolution Plan, Representatives
Factors Affecting the Intentions to use Islamic Banking among Christian Communit..
Islamic banking is not only a worldwide evolving phenomenon but also it is booming day by day in Pakistan. Slight research is directed to study the intentions from the perspectives of Christian personnel for the usage of Islamic banks' products and services in Pakistan. The current paper intends to address the research gap in the literature by discovering the perceptions of Christian clients to gain insights so that Islamic banks may target them also. Consequently, the focus of this research is to assess various influencing on the intentions of the Christian community in Pakistan towards Islamic banking. Primary data has been collected through 400 questionnaires distributed amongst Christian community residents of Punjab, Pakistan. The research is limited to only one religion Christianity ...
1-Muhammad Ishtiaq Assistant Professor, Lyallpur Business School, Government College University, Faisalabad. Punjab, Pakistan2-Muhammad Ali Asif MS Scholar, Lyallpur Business School, Government College University, Faisalabad. Punjab, Pakistan3-Muhammad Haris Aziz MS Scholar, Riphah International University, Faisalabad Campus, Faisalabad. Punjab, Pakistan.
Islamic Banking, Christian Community, Decomposed Theory of Planned Behavior
Female Employment and Reduction in Family Size in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
This study examines the association between female employment and small family size trends. This study based on primary data follows a cross-sectional study design. The study's data were collected from 384 respondents of District Peshawar's six communities through a comprehensive per-tested questionnaire/interview schedule, the association between the study variables was obtained through the application of chi-square test statistics. The association between the variables depicted that women are moving towards the labor force due to inflation, which has empowered them to decide the family size, marry late and adopt a small female size. Furthermore, the labor force participation has pushed females to concentrate more on careers than the large family size, which gives them little time to take ...
1-Muhammad Jawad Lecturer, Department of Rural Sociology, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.2-Saima Sarir Lecturer, Department of Rural Sociology, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan3-Syed Zuhaib Aziz Ph. D. Department of Sociology, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan
Women Employment, Family Size, Fertility, Family Responsibility, Marriage Age
Editorial Treatment of Arab-Israeli Relations in American Press
This descriptive research examined how attention paid to Arab- Israel relations news editorials in newspapers. To explore the state of Arab- Israel relations, editorials in newspapers content analysis has been conducted. Two theories were utilized: agenda-setting theory and framing theory in mixed-method research. By selecting three newspapers, 320 editorials related to Arab- Israel relations were obtained in six months from 15 Nov, 2020 to 15 May 2021 through purpose sampling. The findings of the study concluded that mostly editorials discussed the topics of Arab- Israel conflict/crisis and Israel's recent recognition by Arab states, which are highly reported in this time period. Most editorials were in positive/favorable, negative/unfavorable, and neutral directions, respectively. Two-th ...
1-Sumaira Yasmeen M.Phil Scholar, Department of Mass Communication, Government College University, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan2-Ashraf Iqbal In charge/Assistant Professor, Department of Mass Communication, Government College University, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan3-Noshaba Nargis Lecturer, Department of Mass Communication, Government College University, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
Arab- Israel Relations, Newspapers, Content Analysis, Arab- Israel Conflicts, Israel Recognition
Rights of Accused at Trial Stage: An Analytical Study of Intentional Rules and Legal System of Pakistan
The effectiveness of decisions is based on the quality of trials. In this respect, the role of courts, prosecution, and lawyers is very important to make the fair trial a reality, and there is also a need for a society that respects the governance of law. Each individual has the right to a fair trial in all kinds of cases. A fair trial is not a mere right rather;, it is a bundle of rights. A free, independent,capable, unprejudiced judiciary is important for safeguarding rights available to any accused on trial stage. This study opens a discussion about the rights of the accused, provided by the international legal rules and legal system by Pakistan, at the trial stage. The study explains the fair trial and related rights in the light of different International documents. It also highlights ...
1-Amjad Hussain Assistant Professor, Department of Law, Islamia University Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan2-Muhammad Naeem Khadim LLM, Advocate High Court, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Latiba Khanam Visiting Lecturer, Department of Law, Islamia University Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
Rights, Rights of Accused, Human Rights, Trial, Fair Trial, International Legal Rules, Legal System of Pakistan
'Becoming' and 'Belonging': The Ambivalent Space of Hybrid Identity in Qurratulain Hyder's River of Fire
This research paper explores the role of ambivalent space of hybrid identity and the 'longing' and 'belonging' in the lives of major characters of River of Fire by Qurratulain Hyder to attain a positive vision towards life. In addition, the research tends to perceive the ways by which major characters in the different eras get insight to bridge the 'longing' and 'belonging' by standing in a liminal place.Thus, the study explores the role of subjective liminality in a person's life that induces a new perceptive socio cultural vision in the lives of Hyder's characters. This research uses postcolonial theory as a lens to examine the circumstances that compel the characters towards slip page without regarding their social status and hierarchy. Furthermore, according to Homi k. Bhabha, the term ...
1-Kalsoom Saddique Mphil English Literature University of Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Arshad Nawaz Lecturer, Department of English, Government College University Faisalabad, Sub-Campus Hafizabad, Punjab, Pakistan3-Farwa Zahoor Master Trainer in Punjab Education Foundation Punjab, Pakistan
Postcolonialism, Hybridity, Ambivalence, Homi k. Bhabha
The Attitude of Media Study Students towards Suicide Attacks
This study attempts to investigate the attitudes towards suicide bombings among undergraduate university students in Pakistan. It is a descriptive and exploratory study based on surveys and in-depth interviews. The sample of the study was 52 respondents from a middle class, and upper-middle-class backgrounds enrolled inexpensive private institutes in Lahore. The study found that most undergraduate university students in Pakistan do not condone suicide bombings under any circumstances. The in-depth interviews revealed that young students understand and accept that it is impermissible (haram) in Islam. However, it is found that the use of appealing Islamic terminology of "martyrdom" and "jihad" by the militant organizations and the misrepresentation of "suicide attacks" as "martyrdom operati ...
1-Irem Sultana Assistant Professor, Government College University, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan2-Ifra Iftikhar Associate Professor, Lahore Garrison University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan3-Rao Shahid Mahmood Assistant Professor, Department of Media Studies, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan
Media Study, Students, Suicide Attacks, Pakistan, Islam, Jihad
Effects of Working Conditions of Media Organizations on Health of Their Employees
This study explores the work environment of media organizations in Pakistan compared to international standards under the set rules of the International Labor Organization and its implementation level in large- and small-scale media organizations. The study explored the relationship of job satisfaction of media employees with facilities provided to them at their workplace, their health issues,and awareness level of ILO safety standards at work environment considering their gender, age, education, experience, job status, and job position. Two hundred fifty-four respondents submitted their responses. The results showed that most media employees were not aware of their rights, and there was no concept of occupational safety in a third-world country like Pakistan, where the unemployment rate ...
Role of Bacha Khan in Educating the Pakhtoon Society
History has rarely recorded such leaders who raised their nation from the darkness of ignorance to the light of glory. BachaKhan (Abdul Ghaffar Khan) was one of them. When the society was under the powers of lords, he gave the lesson of equality, blowing new life in the dead society.It was his struggle, his tiresome efforts, his tolerance, the devotion that he uplifted his people from serving their lords to become a respectable, educated nation. He dedicated his entire life to the service of the Pashtun nation and strongly believed that if any change had to come, it would come only through education. For this purpose, he established in various parts of the province where teachers used to teach on voluntary bases. This study highlights the hardships faced by Bacha Khan in promoting educatio ...
1-Brekhna Gul Lecturer in Political Science, University College for Women, AWKUM, KP, Pakistan2-Younas Khan Assistant Professor, Department of Pakistan Studies, Islamia College University, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan3-Sana Pervez Lecturer in Pakistan Studies, University College for Women, AWKUM, KP, Pakistan
Pakhtoonâ€™s, Bacha Khan, Madrassa, Struggle, Education, Charsadda