Challenges to Pakistan’s Foreign Policy in the Post-Cold War Era: 1991-2001
Pakistans geo-strategic position determined her foreign policy choices and directions during the global cold war
conflict. The dawn of the new global system brought new phase of challenges and constraints for Pakistan. This new
unipolar power structure obliged Pakistan to think in terms of reorientation of her foreign policy because it had lost her importance
and opportunities after the Afghan war. Pakistan has faced the challenge of increasing isolation mainly because of these factors in
the decade of 90s. Firstly, security secondly, her nuclear program and sanctions, thirdly, political uncertainty and inconsistency in
determining foreign policy goals, fourthly, regional constraints like Afghan Taliban factor, fifthly, Nuclear tests and finally, her
support of Kashmir freedom strugg ...
1-Ahmad Ali PhD Scholar,Department of Political Science,University of Peshawar, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.2-Khurshaid Ahmad Lecturer,Department of International Relations,University of Peshawar, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan. 3-Zahir Shah Assistant Professor,Department of Political Sciences,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
Cold War, Foreign Policy, US Strategy, Taliban, Nuclear Tests, Globalization
Drawing the Foreign Rivalry: Depiction of Indo-Pak Relations in Political Cartoons of Mainstream Pakistani and Indian English Newspapers (2014-2017)
Political cartoons play a significant role in the image construction of nations on the basis of foreign policies and
relationships. Therefore, this paper is an attempt to examine the treatment of English newspapers of Pakistan and
India to portray the Indo-Pak relationship in their political cartoons. This paper also analyzes the signs and symbols used to construct
images during conflicts. Political cartoons of Dawn, Express Tribune from Pakistan and Times of India and The Hindu from India
published June 2014 to July 2017 are selected. The methods of quantitative content analysis and semiotics are applied under the
umbrella of framing theory. It concludes that political cartoons follow national interests in both countries with reference to rivalry
between India and Pakistan and const ...
1-Ayesha Ashfaq Assistant Professor,Institute of Communication Studies, University of the Punjab Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Saba Ijaz Lecturer,Department of Mass Communication, University of the Punjab Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. 3-Savera Shami Assistant Professor, Department of Mass Communication, University of the Punjab Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Pakistan-India Rivalry, Image Representation, Political Cartoons, Foreign Relations, Newspapers
Continuous Development for Good Governance and Rule of Law: Obligations on International Institutions and Pakistan
Good Governance and rule of law, the prerequisites of sustainable development are recognized and developed by
international organizations to promote democracy. But the situation of both mentioned doctrines has not been so
satisfactory in Pakistan, one of the democratic countries where new laws have had been established incompatibility with previous ones.
Whereas, objectives of lawmaking and sustainable development can only be achieved by corresponding the laws and implementing
rule of law and good governance. ...
1-Ghulam Zikria Assistant Professor,Department of Political Science,The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Yasmin Roofi Assistant Professor,Department of Political Science,The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
Rule of Law, Good Governance, Development, Pakistan
Candidates Personality and Voting Preferences in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
This study tries to find out whether personality of a candidate affects the voters preferences in elections in Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa or not? It is believed that like other socio-political and economic preferences, candidates personality
is also an important determinant of voting behaviour in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. This paper is an attempt to identify different
indicators (Personal Influence, Socio-economic and Political Status in society) of personality vote in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The study
is based on empirical data collected from North, Centre and Southern geographical regions of the province through a multi-stage
sampling technique. Chi-square test is used for the data analysis. ...
1-Hassan Shah Lecturer, Department of Political Science,University of Buner, Buner, KP, Pakistan.2-Zahir Shah Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.3-Wajid Mehmood Khattak Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, FATA University, Darra Adam Khel, KP, Pakistan.
Managing Agenda Setting in Pakistani Political TalkShows: A Functional Analysis of Interruptions
This study aims to investigate the functional performance of interruptions in political news interviews. The selected
sample for this study consists of approximately 200 minutes of recordings of political news interviews from the
public state owned channel PTV World. The methodological framework for this study comes from Conversation Analysis. The
analytical framework for the analysis has been developed from a study of literature pertaining to interruptions. At the initial level of
analysis all interruptions are identified for their function (cooperative, disruptive and neutral), finally a qualitative exploration is
carried out to see what purpose these serve in the specific format of news interviews. The findings reveal that a significant number of
interruptions (80%) are of the dis ...
Propagation of Ideologies through Textbooks: A Study of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa English Textbooks
The main purpose of the study is to highlight the ideological representation of
an Islamic state, Pakistan along with leadership mindset in the textbook. It is
a discourse study of the prescribed English textbook used as a core teaching
material at intermediate level in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan. The researcher has
analyzed various extracts and taken different lessons from the textbook of English compulsory
taught at second year in the intermediate level. The study has used the Fairclough’s Critical
Discourse Analysis as a tool for the analysis of the textbook. In this connection the researcher has
used the three dimensional model as framework for the analysis of the textbook. After a detailed
analysis of the various lessons in the textbook, the researcher has given findi ...
1-Akbar Ali Assistant Professor, Department of English,FATA University, Kohat, KP, Pakistan. 2-Salma Hassan Lecturer, Department of English, Bacha Khan University, Charsadda, KP, Pakistan.3-Fazal Hanan Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, FATA University, Kohat, KP, Pakistan.
Causes and Manifestations of the Perceived Behavioral Issues of Adolescents A Case Study of Learners in Secondary Schools Islamabad
The study aims to comprehend the adolescents’ behavioral issues and
their impact on their physical and emotional life. The theory of socialized
anxiety and adolescents has been applied to this study which conceptually analyzes the
anxiety and behavioral issues of the students. The qualitative and quantitative approach was
utilized in the study and adolescent students wee the targeted sample. However, for qualitative
study, the teachers and parents of the adolescents were also selected for focus group
discussions. The study finds that the mood of adolescents frequently changes even in the
school environment. It was also found that adolescents do not share their emotions and
problems with their parents, though they prefer their teachers and friends. The study
recommends that the g ...
1-Syed Imran Haider Assistant Professor,Department of Sociology, Social Work and Population Studies, Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad, Pakistan. 2-Azhar Waqar M.Phil, International Development Studies, Pakistan Institute for Conflict and Security Studies, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Samreen Mehmood Assistant Professor,Department of Education,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, KP,
Regional Discrepancies: Transformation of the Subsistence Livelihoods in the Cholistan Desert Region
The Cholistan dessert is hot and dry region with two distinguished regions of
Lesser and Greater Cholistan. The Lesser Cholistan is rapidly developed due
to development in agriculture, infrastructure, mechanization, transfer of technology and land
allotment policy. The Greater Cholistan region is least developed due to subsistence agriculture
system, frequent natural hazards and epidemics outburst in the recent times. The study explores
the basic causes of this discrepancies in the development of these two desert regions. The impacts
of population growth, natural hazards, epidemics, modern technology, mechanization and land
allotment policy are associated with transformation of subsistence livelihoods. It was found that
the inhabitants of Lesser Cholistan has better adoptability ca ...
1-Sher Muhammad Malik Assistant Professor,Department of Geography, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Amjad Ali Assistant Professor, Department of Centre for Disaster Preparedness and Management (CDPM),University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.3-Fazal Rahman Professor,Geography,University of Peshawar, Peshawar, KP ,Pakistan.
Proposed Strategies for the Effective Implementation of Early Childhood Education Programme in Punjab
The present study aimed to propose strategies for the effective implementation
of Early Childhood Education Programme in government schools in Punjab.
A sample of 300 heads of educational institutions was taken from the 36 districts of Punjab to
evaluate this programme. A questionnaire was used to collect the opinion of the heads of
educational institutions. The findings of the study show that physical facilities were provided
by the government for the implementation of ECE programme in only 1000 schools in Punjab.
The curriculum developed by the Federal Government is used for the development of the
students. The heads of educational institutions and ECE teachers were provided training for
effective implementation. The school council members/parents required to involve for the
1-Masroor Ahmad Student,Department Educational Planning & Management,Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad Pakistan.2-Haroona Jatoi Director General (R),Academy of Educational Planning & Management (AEPAM),Academy of Educational Planning & Management, Islamabad Pakistan.3-Saqib Riaz Associate ProfessorDepartment of Mass Communications, Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Early Childhood Education, Physical Facilities, Head’s Training, Teacher’s Training, School Council Members/Parents
Anticipated Tuberculosis Stigmatized Identities and Deviant Workplace Behavior: A Moderated Mediated Model in Pakistan
In a competitive world there is a need of countries to maintain the
productivity of firms. In the last few decades organizations highlighted the
issue that most of the employees engage in negative workplace behavior. The current study
highlights the serious causes of deviance behavior of employees. Employees diagnosed with
Tuberculosis become stigmatized; they exhibit negative behaviors instead of citizenship
behavior. In this study consider centrality of tuberculosis stigma as a moderating and selfesteem as a mediating variable. Data has been collected from tuberculosis stigmatized
employees working in public and private tuberculosis hospitals across Pakistan. ...
1-Adeeba Khan PhD Scholar,Department of Management & Social Sciences, Capital University of Science & Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Syed Muhammad Mehdi Raza Naqvi Associate Professor,Department of Management & Social Sciences,Capital University of Science & Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Economies of Scale and Efficiency of Mutual Funds in Pakistan
Mutual funds have a significant role as an institutional investor to allocate funds in an efficient way. Therefore,
this study examines efficiency of mutual funds due to their substantial role in the growth of economy. Technical
Efficiency (TE), Pure Technical Efficiency (PTE), and Scale Efficiency (SE) of mutual funds are examined over the period of 2011
to 2016 by following Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). The results showed a TE of 70.6%, PTE of 73%, and SE of 96.3% in
mutual funds of Pakistan. A significant boost has been noticed in the efficiency of the initial year but it decreased afterward.
Decreasing return to scale is found 52.40% whereas, increasing return to scale are found 17.41%. There were only 30.19% mutual
funds which are working on right scale. It suggests that regu ...
1-Muhammad Jam e Kausar Ali Asghar Assistant Professor,Department of Management Sciences,University of South Asia, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Abdul Zahid Khan Assistant Professor,Department of Technology Management, International Islamic University Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Hafiz Ghufran Ali Khan Assistant Professor,Department of Management Sciences,International Islamic University Islamabad, Pakistan.
Efficiency, Data Envelopment Analysis, Mutual Funds, Pakistan
Re-reading Silko’s Ceremonies and American History
This article retrieves the history of Native American ceremonies to highlight the aboriginal ways of being. Using
Leslie Marmon Silko’s Ceremony to retrieve the reality of the ceremonies, I argue how the myths inscribed in Native
American contemporary writings are the social and cultural embedment of the ceremonies in which they were written and thus the
knowledge of prehistoric times. I focus on Silko’s modern techniques to revive the myths of oral tradition to understand and publicize
the truths of Native American ceremonial world. She explains the ceremony of 1955 with reference to the ceremonies incorporated in
Laguna myths, thereby juxtaposing two different time periods: the pre-Columbian timelessness and the post-second World War
fragmented tribal community in Laguna in 195 ...
1-Qasim Shafiq Student,Department of English,National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Shaheena Ayub Bhatti Professor,Department of English, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.3-Ghulam Murtaza Associate Professor,Department of English, Government College University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
Error Analysis: A Study of Prepositional Errors at Advanced and Intermediate Level in Pakistan
The main purpose of this study was to contribute to a better understanding of the temporal preposition errors in
order to have a positive impact on the teaching and learning process. The study investigated temporal preposition
in the form of a test and questionnaire for the purpose of knowing the frequency and causes of these errors. The population consisted
of intermediate and advanced level students at International Islamic University, Islamabad. Out of these, fifteen students were chosen
from each level. Here the frequency of errors of both the groups is 58.89 % and the most problematic temporal prepositions were
since, ago, between, over and throughout. The causes of error discovered were mostly overgeneralization and L1 interference. ...
1-Liaqat Iqbal Assistant Professor, Department of English,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.2-Irfan Ullah Assistant Professor,Department of English,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan3-Ayaz Ahmad Lecturer, Department of English,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
Empirically Investigating the Impact of Employee Engagement on Counterproductive Work Behavior of Academic Staff
This study aims to assess the impact of Employee Engagement (EE) on counterproductive work behavior. An
adopted survey instrument comprised of EE and CWB was used. Data was composed from academic staff through
self-administered questionnaire. The sample entailed 199 respondents randomly drawn from academic staff of the universities owned
by private sector. The instruments were found reliable and valid. The statistical tools such as descriptive statistics score, ANOVA, Ftest, T-test, coefficient correlations and regressions were used to analyze the data. The upshots of the study proposed sufficient
evidence for the correlation between EE and CWB and concluded a negative connection between these two variables. The study
recommended that universities shall focus more on EE in order to re ...
1-Hazrat Bilal Assistant Professor, Center for Management & Commerce,University of Swat, KP, Pakistan. 2-Naveed Farooq Assistant Professor, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.3-Kauser Hayat Lecturer, Government College of Management Sciences, Wana South Waziristan, Tribal District, KP, Pakistan.
Employee Engagement, Counterproductive Work Behavior, Academic Staff
Testing of Volatility Spillovers Dynamics and Network Connectedness between Islamic Indices of Regional Stock Markets
Volatility spillovers and market network connectedness is the most recent phenomena which prevails among the
financial markets. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the volatility spillovers and connectedness among Islamic
Stock indices of global (MSCI) and Islamic indices of the regional stock markets i.e., DJMI, FTSE, JKI and KMI during the period
01/07/ 2013 to 30/06/2018. We used EGARCH (Nelson 1991), DCC-GARCH, static and rolling- window analysis to investigate
the effects of volatility spillovers and connectedness by Diebold and Yilmaz (2012, 2014) and Mensi et al. (2018) methodology. It
is concluded that MSCI and FTSE are the net recipients of shocks whereas; DJMI, JKI and KMI are net transmitters of shocks in a
static spillover convention. Shock transmission process is ...
1-Kashif Hamid Lecturer, Institute of Business Management sciences,University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Rana Shahid Imdad Akash Assistant Professor,Commerce,University of the Punjab, Jhelum Campus, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Mudassar Ghafoor Assistant Professor, University of the Punjab, Jhelum Campus, Pakistan.
Islamic Indices, EGARCH, DCC-GARCH, Volatility Spillover and Rolling Window Analysis
Social Media and Youth: Uses, Problems, and Prospects in Southern Punjab (Pakistan)
The current study aimed to explore and investigate the social media uses and gratifications among the youth of Southern
Punjab with regard to problems and prospects. The researcher aimed to investigate the social media usage behavior,
preferences, gratification,and motives of the youth aged between 17-25 years to measure the prospects and problems of social media usage
patterns. It was also measured that the level of impact of social media on social interactions, on religious information and level of trust
and reliability over the information provided by social media websites. A survey research design has been utilized as a data collection tool.
A total of 1200 respondents were selected by purposive sampling technique from the three selected districts. The results supported both
Politics or No Politics on Social Media: Twitter and Pakistani Legislators
Social media is becoming an important forum for political activism and interaction; it is changing the entire
landscape for political communication and is moving it to an all-new level (Kathurwar, 2017). The greatest
advantage of Social Media is that the politicians themselves, are the producers of their own message. If, social media used strategically
can greatly help the politicians to disseminate their message and lead the discussion in a desirable direction. Therefore, this study
focuses on the usage of Twitter by the Members of National Assembly (MNA) in the last political regime i.e 2013-2018. The primary
objective of carrying out this study is to investigate what the MNAs think their purpose of using Twitter was and are they tweeting
the right content to fulfill their desired ...
Challenges of Confidentiality and Security in Mobile Cloud Computing and Protective Measures
Mobile Cloud Computing (MCC) has a significant potential to provide scalability, reliability, extra
battery life, and additional storage capacity. Due to the flexible infrastructure and simplicity of
access, cloud computing has become widespread. Energy consumption and execution time have also considerably
enhanced by shifting the execution of resources consuming tasks that bring the benefit to mobile users. However,
security and privacy is the major barrier to this growing trend of computing aptitude. Noteworthy efforts have already
been made by the academic and research organizations to build secure computing infrastructures but various challenges
are stay alive in security procedure of MCC. This manuscript provides a broad analysis of confidentiality and security
challenges in mo ...
1-Dost Muhammad Khan Assistant Professor,Department of Computer Sciences and I.T,The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Tariq Aziz Rao Visiting Lecturer,Department of Computer Sciences and I.T,The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Faisal Shahzad Lecturer, Department of Computer Sciences and I.T,The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
Mobile Cloud Computing, Privacy, Security, Protective Measures
A Phenomenological Exploration of Efficacious Teachers' Experience with Instructional Challenges
This psychological phenomenological study explored the challenges experienced by five efficacious teachers
during instruction at a suburban government higher secondary school in Pakistan. The data collected through
semi structured interviews was analyzed through Moustakas phenomenological data analysis plan. It was determined that the
participants could not utilize their efficacy skills because of the challenges like poor supervision and no accountability by the
principal, overcrowded classrooms and faulty paper marking by the fellow teachers. Further discussions led us to conclude that the
said challenges in their triple impact resulted in an environment favorable for the growth of a habitual non-professional attitude
in teachers because of which they could not show any efforts like ...
1-Syed Muhammad Aamir PhD Scholar,Department of Education,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.2-Saqib Shahzad Associate Professor,Department of Education,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
Expressing Attitudinal Stance in Pakistani Academic Writing: A Corpus Based Study
The present research aims to investigate the use of attitudinal stance devices proposed by Biber (2006) in
Pakistani academic writing with respect to variation among disciplines. A special purpose corpus of Pakistani
Academic Writing is built up with 235 research dissertations of M.Phil and PhD graduates representing three important disciplines
(Humanities, Social Sciences and Sciences) and is tagged for the lexical and grammatical features expressing attitudinal stance to
measure the frequency count of each feature out of 1000 words. The frequencies of attitudinal stance devices are separately
calculated for each discipline and one way ANOVA is administered to see the significant differences among disciplines on the use
of attitudinal stance devices. The findings reveal statisticall ...
1-Musarrat Azher Lecturer,Department of English,University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Humaira Jehanagir PhD scholar, Department of English, Lancaster University, Lancashire, England.3-Rabia Faiz Lecturer, Department of English, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan.
International Students’ Social Adjustment and Self-Esteem: Are they Interrelated?
kistan. The ultimate goal of this research is to explore the correlation between social adjustment of international
students and their self-esteem (SE). Sample of the study comprised international students (N=204) who studied there in different
institutes of Pakistan. For measuring social adjustment, Student Adjustment to Collage Questionnaire (SACQ) developed by R. W.
Baker and B. Siryk in 1989 was adapted. To measure students self-esteem (SE), Renieose questionnaire (2017) was adopted. The
findings of this research show that the international students had high self-esteem with the highest score on self-regard and lowest with
social relations. They had high level of adjustment with the highest score on attachment and lowest on academic adjustment. Finally,
there was a significant re ...
1-Shamaiela Mehboob PhD Scholar, Department of Education,Government College University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Shumaila Shahzad Assistant Professor,Department of Education,Government College University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
International students, self-esteem, Social adjustment
Effectiveness of the Teacher Appraisal System in Public Higher Secondary Schools of Punjab (Pakistan)
Quantitative research was conducted to find out the effectiveness of the existing performance appraisal system (PAS).
A survey research design was planned to determine the level of awareness of the teachers with the existing teacher
appraisal system; moreover, the effectiveness was determined by the level of satisfaction or dissatisfaction of teachers with PAS and its
probable effect on teaching practices. A random sampling technique was used to access the target population. A self-constructed
questionnaire was distributed among 78 principals of public higher secondary schools and the reliability of the instrument was found to
be .862. Step-wise regressions inform us dissatisfaction of teachers is associated with the transparency of the appraisers. Management
support and motivation w ...
1-Muhammad Nadeem PhD Scholar,Department of Education,University of Management & Technology Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Seema Arif Assistant Professor,Department of Education,University of Management & Technology Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Zaheer Asghar Assistant Professor,Department of Education,University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Effectiveness, Performance Appraisal System, Public Higher Secondary School Teachers, School Principals
Spiritual Rituals at Sufi Shrines in Punjab: A Study of Khawaja Shams-Ud-Din Sialvi, Sial Sharif and Meher Ali Shah of Golra Sharif
This research narrates Sufi institution's influence on the religious, political and cultural system. The masses frequently visit Sufi shrines and perform different rituals. The shrines of Khawaja Shams-Ud-Din Sialvi of Sial Sharif and Meher Ali Shah of Golra Sharif have been taken as case study due to their religious importance. It is a common perception that people practice religion according to their cultural requirements and this paper deals rituals keeping in view cultural practices of the society. It has given new direction to the concept of "cultural dimensions of religious analysis" by Clifford
Geertz who says "religion: as a cultural system" i.e. a system of symbols which synthesizes a people's ethos and explain their words. Eaton and Gilmartin have presented same historical analy ...
1-Abdul Qadir Mushtaq Assistant Professor,Department of History and Pakistan Studies,GC University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Shabbir Assistant Professor,Department of Sociology,GC University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Zil-e-Huma Rafique Lecturer,Department of History and Pakistan Studies, GC University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
Connecting Language, Gender, Literacy and Facebook: A Case Study with Multilingual Teenagers in Pakistan
The aim of this research is to examine the interrelationship among language, gender, and literacy practices of
multiling ual y outh on F acebook in P akis tan. T he data, c ollec ted primarily thr ough obs er vations , c ompris ed the participants literacy practices on Facebook which was observed for three months. A convenience sampling technique was used for drawing the sample. Ten participants, five boys and five girls, participated in this research. Data analysis reveals that social media is widely used by young boys and girls to exhibit their gendered identity through language choices, content and purpose of using social media. The research is informed by recent research on the ethnogr aphy of digital literacy pr actices . ...
1-Fakhira Riaz Assistant Professor,Department of English,Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Samia Mudassar Assistant Professor, Department of English,Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan.
Impact of Joint Forest Management on Rural Livelihoods in the Kalam and Siran Forest Divisions, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan
Forest management policies in Pakistan have been generally following conventional approaches without considering the role of local community’s participation. In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan, Joint Forest Management (JFM) was introduced in 1996 with the active involvement of local communities for both sustainable forest management and community livelihoods. This study analyzes the impacts of JFM on rural livelihoods in Pakistan using a sample from 10 villages of Siran and Kalam Forest Divisions of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Data were collected through interview schedule and focus group discussions from the local community members & forest department personnel. Results of the study revealed that the JFM played a key role in livelihoods improvement and forest development. Also, JFM improved relati ...
1-Yahya Sheikh PhD Scholar, Department of Social Work,University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Ibrar Assistant Professor,Department of Social Work,University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.3-Javed Iqbal Assistant Professor, Department of Economics,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
Assessment of Physical School Environment of Public Sector High Schools in Pakistan and World Health Organization’s Guidelines
The physical school environment influences the health and educational performance of students and staff. World Health Organization (WHO) has developed guidelines for developing countries to evaluate the Physical school environment. Hence this study analyzed the physical school environment of high schools to ascertain the extent of implementation
of these guidelines in Multan. T en core indicators water quality, water quantity , water facilities , hygiene promotion practices , toilets and handwashing facilities, control of vector-borne diseases, cleaning and waste disposal system, school building conditions, school safety and supportive classroom conditions were assessed by three research tools. The responses of 10 core indicators were scored and described. The study concluded that the 10 ...
1-Matin Gul PhD scholar,Department of Educational Planning,Policy Studies and Leadership (EPPSL), Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Ahmad Farooq Shah Professor,Department of Education,Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan.
Fifth Generations Warfare (5GW)-The New Dimensions of Enemies Launched Warfare and Security Concern of Pakistan
The advent of internet, its confluence with Communication and Information Technology (C&IT) has given an
exponential rise to generate waves of hyper information thus providing an opportunity to the enemies to launch
transitional level of Fifth Generation Warfare (5GW) from various platforms. The present internet dominated
age coupled with Mediasine qua non usage of deceitful information, baffled news and fabricated themes launched through hostile think
tanks and hostile intelligence agencies through their spoofing agents under cover of Media imposters, Media Memes and scintillating
campaigns with covert commercial clientele. Such slanderers aim to undermine State capacity and capability to act and react during
odds/under tense situations. The enemy hired slanderers, their tittle tale ...
1-Irfan Ahmad Tahir PhD Scholar,Department of Politics and IR Faculty of Social Sciences,International Islamic University Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Manzoor Khan Afridi Head of Department of Politics and IR Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Politics and IR Faculty of Social Sciences,International Islamic University Islamabad, Pakistan.
Media Imposters, Media Memes. Fabricated themes, Baffled news and Commercial clientele.
How and What They Share? A Qualitative Study about Knowledge Sharing Practices of University Teachers
The current study is concerned with the knowledge sharing practices of university teachers in Pakistan.
The prime purpose of this study was exploring the different types of knowledge, different channels
used by teachers, and identification of different factors in knowledge sharing process. The semi structured interviews
with 15 heads of different department were conducted. The researcher personally approached to respondents and
collected the data. The main findings indicated that majority of respondents shared that although they considered
technology as a powerful knowledge spreading. The study recommends that there is the dire need to provide the
organizational support to these practices by developing a broad mechanism of knowledge sharing. ...
ELT Teachers Attitude towards Language Learning Strategies Used in Southern Punjab, Pakistan
The present study throws light on language learning strategies, their effect on learning and instructors attitude
in this respect .It defines that a learning strategy is a learners approach of understanding and employing
particular skills in order to accomplish learning task efficiently. It also stresses that todays learner is smart enough to devise ways
and methods to accelerate learning process. Learners use these techniques according to their needs and stage of learning. In parallel,
it also explains that these techniques effect the behavior of instructor and his teaching methods as well. The researcher collected
data from 110 participants of different schools, colleges and universities of Dera Ghazi (DG) Khan through questionnaire. This
study shows that almost all the learners an ...
Interactive Teaching to EFL Learners in Saudi Arabia and ESL Learners in Pakistan: Issues and Implications
The study aims to explore how far interactive teaching can produce desirable learning outcomes in educational
institutions in Saudi Arabia with EFL paradigm and no scope of social interlocutions in English language in
most of the areas. This is in sharp contrast to ESL paradigm as is observed in Pakistan. It points out possible implications of
interactive teaching with the contrastive analysis of EFL and ESL paradigms. Using mixed method research design, a survey from
learners and teachers in Pakistan and KSA, observations and interviews, it finds out that most of EFL/ESL learners and teachers
realize the importance of interactive teaching in optimizing language learning; however, there are certain administrative,
psychological and social factors that discourage its application: too ...
1-Muhammad Sabboor Hussain Assistant Professor, Department of English, GC Women University, Sialkot, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Aisha Farid Assistant Professor, Department of English, GC Women University, Sialkot, Punjab, Pakistan. 3-Muhammad Shahbaz Assistant Professor, Department of English, GC Women University, Sialkot, Punjab, Pakistan.
Interactive Teaching; EFL vs. ESL; Adult learners; mixed method
Money, Politics and Gender Equality: An Analysis of Assets of Women Legislators in Pakistan (2002-13)
This paper studies the economic status of Women legislators through data from their assets submitted to the
Election Commission of Pakistan from 2002-2013. The findings indicate that strong financial status is an
important pre-requisite for successful entry into the politics. This study found that the majority of elected women belong to an elite
class. It is also evident that the common Pakistani woman is still miles away from the corridors of power because she does not have
sufficient economic resources to participate in politics. ...
1-Sher Muhammad PhD Scholar,Politics & International Relations, University of Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Nawaz Bhatti Associate Professor, `Politics & International Relations,University of Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan. 3-Muhammad Waris Awan Assistant Professor,History and Pakistan Studies,Government College University Faisalabad, Punjab Pakistan.
Political institutions, financial resources, gender equality, economic status
Mother fixation in Sons and Lovers: An Educational Implication
The present study aims at exploring the effective teaching approach of the theme of Mother Fixation in Sons and
Lovers to Pakistani students. It has adopted phenomenology as a research paradigm. The study examined some of
the impediments that teachers face in literature class, while dealing with this theme as well as how they tend to overcome these
hurdles. There is some evidence from the data that majority of the respondents expressed feelings of embarrassment and hesitation
while discussing the theme of the phenomenon of Mother Fixation. The result has shown that the theme of Mother Fixation, if
handled properly while observing the ethical limitations of Pakistani society, would not harm the perception of the students about
their family values. In addition to this, teachers cited v ...
1-Shumaila Mazhar Assistant Professor, Department of English,Sardar Bahadur Khan Women University, Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan.2-Fouzia Rehman Khan Assistant Professor, Department of English,Sardar Bahadur Khan Women University, Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan.3-Sumaira Shafeeq Assistant Professor, Institute of Kashmir Studies, University of Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Muzaffarabad, Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Pakistan.
Effect of Combined Teaching Strategies on Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) of Biology Students
In this age of globalization, learning priorities of the learners have been under dramatic changes and teachers
have to develop combination of such strategies which can engage the learners of the 21st century. The objectives
of this study were to examine the effect of combined teaching strategies on low and high achievers higher order thinking skills in
biology at secondary level, conducted in a public school of Punjab province. The researcher used the combined teaching strategies
which comprised of KWLH charts, hands on activities, multimedia integration and cooperative learning to cover the contents from
10th grade text book of Biology, for a period of 8 weeks. In this experimental research posttest only, design was adopted. The HOTS
of biology students were assessed through 50 mul ...
1-Nasir Mehmood PhD Scholar, University of Education, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Muhammad Anwer Assistant Professor, University of Education, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Ahmed Tatlah Assistant Professor, University of Education,Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Teaching Strategies, Multimedia, higher order Thinking Skills, KWLH Charts
A Historical Review of Governance in Pakistan (1947-2012)
The present study attempts to make an understanding of the concept of governance and evaluation of its micromacro level of application on governance in Pakistan by using the model of McCawley theory 2005. In this article
overall performance of governance regimes in the history of the country with the major focus on the administrative-economic results
of their policies and decisions have been highlighted. Pakistans political stability, social development and industrial growth have
always been victimized by its interest groups and elites. Pakistans weak political leaders always created a gap between civil and
military bureaucracy and caused military regimes to rule the state. Today the countrys development is partial. The literacy rate is
going better and active media have come up. Civi ...
1-Sajjad Ahmad PhD Scholar,Department of Political Sciences, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Muqarrab Akbar Professor,Department of Political Sciences,Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan.
Teachers and Education Managers Perceptions and Practices Regarding National Professional Standards for Teachers: A Multiple Case Study
Quality education is the birthright of every individual and this can only be possible when our teachers are
adequately aware of and equipped with the National Professional Standards for Teachers. The current qualitative
multiple case study explores this phenomenon by using purposive sampling technique with four cases (from rural and urban districts)
alongwith eight teachers from each compulsory subject i.e. (English, Urdu, Islamiat and Pakistan Studies) as well as the EDOs and
CEOs of both districts. All research requisites were duly fulfilled such as improvement and validation of instrument; triangulation
of data etc. The results revealed that some teachers practiced those standards unknowingly while others knew a little but were curious
to get themselves professionally improved. Th ...
1-Fasiha Altaf PhD Scholar,Institute of Education and Research, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Muhammad Saeed Associate Professor,Institute of Education and Research, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
NPST, Teachers, Head Teachers, Secondary level, Multiple Case-Study
The Impact of Merger and Acquisition Firms on Stock Market Bubble
In this research, we have endeavored to ascertain how the Merger & Acquisition firms effect the Pakistani stock
market (PSX) during all stages of bubble periods. The regression results of “transaction multiples” and “inverse
transaction multiples” show that the trading of the securities of Merger & Acquisition firms has increased in all stages of bubble periods
less crash period where they decreased. The regression results have also revealed that Pakistani investors in the stock market carry a
“weak financial knowledge & financial risk distress management” & they prefer market manipulation for discounting & therefore, they
are adversely hit market manipulations in the stock exchange while trading securities. Resultantly, managerial incentives, as well as
cost of capital o ...
1-Waleed Khalid PhD Scholar, National University of Modern Languages Islamabad, Pakistan. 2-Kashif Ur Rehman Professor (Vice Chancellor), City University, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Kashif Head of Department,School of Business and Management,Minhaj University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
History of Bubble; Stock Market Bubble, Firms Valuation, Earnings Management; Merger & Acquisition.
An Empirical Study of Impediments of Entrepreneurship Failure. A Case Study of District Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan. (Thematic Analysis)
This study documents the social impediments to the success of entrepreneurship or self-employment. The failure
cases of District Faisalabad, Punjab were the population of research. Exploratory case study method Yin, (2014)
was used to furnish whole process. The experiences of failure entrepreneurs were acquired by putting open ended questions via personal
interviews and field notes were taken for data saving. Thematic analysis was used to analyze the data and to generate important
themes. The findings of the study revealed that insufficient prior entrepreneurial experience, multiple business thinking and access
to the market, lack of interaction with successful entrepreneurs, lack of proper planning and strategy to start the venture, lack of
learning from fear of risk taking behavior ...
1-Muhammad Furqan Ashraf PhD Scholar,Department of Sociology, Government College University, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Babak Mahmood Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, Government College University, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Mudassar Mushtaq PhD Scholar,National College of Business Administration and Economics (NCBA&E),Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Entrepreneurship, Impediments of Failure, Exploratory Case Study, Thematic Analysis.
This research aims at the explication of Korean drama “Two Weeks” by applying poststructuralism. The
structuralists contend to have characters as patterns, which can be incurred as apt as universal identities. The
poststructuralist mode of analysis, deconstruction, dismantles it as unstable, and its meanings as not self-sufficient. The focus is on
discrete analysis than on a judgemental critique, confers a valuable amount of subject deconstruction, especially the protagonist
Jang Tae San that has receded to the dismantling of binary oppositions by playing a hero of what structure amounts to a criminal
record. Derridas deconstruction accedes to those limits that are a pivot to render signification in the chain of signifiers. “Two Weeks”
is a signifier of the nature that is con ...
1-Zahir Jang Khattak Professor, Department of English,Qurtaba University, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.2-Hira Ali Lecturer,Department of English,University of Sarghodha, Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Shehrzad Ameena Khattak PhD Scholar, Department of English,Qurtaba University, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.
Post-Structuralism, Deconstruction, Unstable Meanings, Two Weeks, Jacques Derrida.
An Interpretive Structural Model of Barriers in Implementing Corporate Governance (CG) in Pakistan
The purpose of this study is to structure a model of relationships among barriers in the implementation of CG in
Pakistan. It also points out a key barrier in embarking on the regime of CG. The design of research consists of a
literature review, data collection and analyses. Modeling methodology entails ISM coupled with MICMAC. Findings revealed that
“lack of investigation about the rights of minority shareholders” is the most critical barrier since this occupies the bottom of the
model. Whereas, barriers namely “basic shareholders rights are not often protected, minority shareholders rights are often violated,
lack of autonomy on the part of the auditors and rules requiring equity ownership disclosure are not followed” are least critical since
they occupy the top of the mode ...
1-Abdul Aziz Khan Niazi Assistant Professor,Institute of Business and Management,University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Tehmina Fiaz Qazi Assistant Professor, Institute of Business and Management,University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Abdul Basit Academics Head,``Lahore Institute of Science and Technology,Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Entrepreneurships Role in Enhancing the Productivity and Sustainability of Pakistan
This paper explores the emerging trend of entrepreneurship and social entrepreneurship globally as well as in
Pakistan. It discusses, how entrepreneurship playsa central role in economic progression for developed countries
like the United States and how it has the potential to play a pivotal role in the case of a developing country like Pakistan. According
to various studies, Pakistan with the 175 million population is the 6th most populated county globally, having 60 percent of its
population under the age of 25 years. A well trained, educated and entrepreneurial oriented population can be an asset for a developing
economy. Literature has reviewed, discussed and pointed out main issues, difficulties, and opportunities about entrepreneurship in
Pakistan; presents a working model of e ...
1-Fahmeed Idrees Assistant Professor, FAST School of Management,National University of Computer & Emerging Sciences (Lahore Campus), Punjab, Pakistan.2-Hamid Hassan Professor,FAST School of Management,National University of Computer & Emerging Sciences (Lahore Campus), Punjab, Pakistan.
Entrepreneurship Development in Pakistan, Conceptual Model, Emerging Trends, Workforce, Internationalization, International Entrepreneurship
A Systematic Review of Role and Responsibilities of Head Teachers at Primary Level in District Shaheed Benazirabad
The purpose of this research study was to review the expected role and responsibilities to be played by headteachers
and done in reality at the primary school level in District Shaheed Benazirabad. It has been observed that
headteachers in public schools at the primary level are not performing as per the need of the time. For the purpose, a tailor-made
questionnaire was distributed among randomly selected headteachers. The quantitative research approach was used to solve the
query. The results indicate the lenient approach of headteachers towards their duties. ...
1-Muhammad Ali Shaikh Professor,Department of Media and Communication Studies, Sindh Madressatul Islam University, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.2-Mahboob Ali Deraj Assistant Professor,Department of Education,Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University, Sindh, Pakistan.3-Zahid Hussain Sahito Assistant Professor,Department of Teacher Education,Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur, Sindh, Pakistan.
Role & Responsibilities, Headteachers, and Primary Schools
Examining the Effect of Institutional Culture in Developing Emotional Intelligence amongst Students of HEIs: An Evidence from Developing Regions
Emotional intelligence and institutional culture are considered as crucial factors of effectiveness for any
organization. Researchers are keenly and constantly studying these factors for the last three decades. The study of
institutional culture continues to gain increasing eminence. Emotional Intelligence helps Institutional leaders to cultivate such an
institutional culture that produces organizational effectiveness. The objective of the current study was to investigate the effect of
Institutional Culture on the Emotional Intelligence of HEIs Students. The universities were selected from one of the countries of
South Asian developing region i.e. Pakistan. The study sampled 598 respondents from the department of management and social
sciences of the HEIs of Rawalpindi and Islamabad. ...
1-Saima Naz PhD Research Scholar,Department of Education, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan. 2-Marium Din Assistant Professor,Department of Education, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Allah Bakhsh Malik Former Head of Department,Department of Education,National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Institutional Culture, Emotional Intelligence, University Students
Exploring the Influence of Unemployment on Criminal Behavior in Punjab, Pakistan.
The main objective of this research was to investigate the effect of unemployment on criminal behavior. A multistage
sampling technique was used for the selection of a sample of 400 respondents who have ever committed a crime. A
well-designed and the pre-tested interviewing schedule was used to collect information from the respondents in randomly selected
district jails of Punjab, Pakistan. Descriptive analysis shows that majority of the respondents was young and married. Around onefourth of the respondents were illiterate and about the same proportion had primary level education. Two-fifth of the respondents
had less than Rs. 20,000 monthly family income. Multivariate analysis revealed that unemployed respondents had 30 percent more
chances to commit the crime as compared to the empl ...
1-Nouman Khaliq Phd Scholar, Department of Sociology, GC University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Shabbir Assistant Professor,Department of Sociology,GC University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Zahira Batool Professor,Department of Sociology,GC University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
Teachers Education Programs in Afghanistan and Pakistan and Prospects of Collaboration between the two Countries
This study was focused on the Teachers Education Programs in Afghanistan and Pakistan and Prospects of
Collaboration between the Two Countries. It examined the impact of teachers education programs on the efficiency
of teachers in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The Heads, Teachers and students were taken as study sample through convenient sampling
techniques. The study sample was including 600 trainee students i.e. 300 male and 300 female students, 60 teachers- 30 male and
30 female and 12 heads of institutions. From each institution 50 students, 5 teachers and one head were selected for data collection.
The majority of the study population were not satisfied with the training, program, educational policy and plan in both countries.
The study further provided, that Afghanistan is lacking ...
Effect of Rumination and Worry, Test Anxiety, and Academic Procrastination on Academic Achievement of Pakistani University Students
This study was performed to discover the influence of rumination and worry, test anxiety and procrastination on
the educational attainment of the students of the university. The descriptive survey research method was used for
conducting the research. The technique of stratified random sampling was used to select 400 students from the 7th and 8th semesters
of fall, 2018 from four public sector universities of the Hazara Division. The ruminative responsive scale developed by Treynor,
Gonzalez and Nolen-Hoeksema, (2003), Test anxiety developed by Nest and Diehl (1990), and Abu Ghazal (2012) scale of
academic procrastination was adopted as data collection instruments. Regression analyses, coefficient of correlation, mean, and
standard deviation was applied for the analysis of data. The r ...
1-Sarfaraz Syed Khan MPhil Scholar,Department of Education,The University of Haripur, Mansehra, KP, Pakistan.2-Syed Afzal Shah Assistant Professor, Department of Education, The University of Haripur, Mansehra, KP, Pakistan.3-Habib Elahi Assistant Professor,Department of Education, Hazara University, Mansehra, KP, Pakistan.
Academic Procrastination, Rumination and Worry, Test Anxiety, University Students
Assessing the Improvement in Descriptive Writing Skills with Communicative Teaching in Pakistan
The key objective of the research was to find the effect of communicative language teaching (CLT) on descriptive
writing skills among 9th graders. Relevant literature revealed that descriptive writing skills can be enhanced with
the help of communicative teaching. The Quasi experimental design was used. To conduct the experiment, six classes from two schools
were selected conveniently. for gathering data to achieve the intended objective. Communicative lessons were intervention material.
Results showed that communicative teaching had a significant effect on 9th graders skills of description in terms of writing. The
outcome of research tells that CLT is valuable for educationists. Further, it is recommended for teaching of writing any literary
1-Muhammad Samiullah Assistant Professor, Department of ECE&ETE,Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Farid Ullah Khan Assistant Professor,Department of Education & Psychology,Kohat University of Science & Technology, Kohat, KP, Pakistan.3-Aftab Ahmad Lecturer, Department of Science Education,Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad, Pakistan.
Grammar Translation Method (GTM), English Language Teaching (ELT), Communicative Language Teaching, Descriptive Writing.
Social Marketing: A Pathway to Reduce the Economic Burden of Noncommunicable Diseases in Pakistan
In developing countries like Pakistan, social issues have kept the developmental activities back and persistently
aggravated the hardships of common people. This, in turn, undermines to take new initiative and is one of the
major impediments to developing an enterprising workforce. This article discusses the importance of marketing to address noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) from a social marketing perspective, NCDs approximately cause four million deaths annually.
Pakistan is a signatory of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and promoting good health is the heart of achieving and delivering
on 2030 sustainable development agenda. Efforts to reduce obesity so far are not successful despite several measures taken globally.
This paper seeks the efficacy of social marketing using group- ...
1-Farooq Ahmad Visiting Faculty,Department of Management Science, International Islamic University, Islamabad, Paksitan. 2-Syed Ali Raza Hamid Assistant Professor,Department of Hamdard Institute of Management Sciences,Hamdard University, Islamabad Campus, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Nawaz Qaisar Independent Scholar
Social Marketing, Group-Centered Approaches, Noncommunicable Diseases (NCDs), SDGs
Impact of Organizational Culture Attributes on the Employees Performance in Educational Context
The strong culture is vital in shaping the psychological and social environment based on the assumptions, principles,
and values that contributes to “norms and values of the organization”. The organizational culture is the
combination of some dynamic attributes that work together in determining the overall culture. This study aims at exploring the effect
of organizational culture attributes on the performance of employees to examine which attribute is more effective towards employees’
performance. The data was collected through an adapted questionnaire from faculty member hailing from the southern region of KP,
Pakistan. The data was analyzed through the statistical procedures to examine the research hypothesis extracted from the theoretical
framework. The results from hypothes ...
1-Irfan Ullah Khan PhD Scholar, Department of Public Administration, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, KP, Pakistan. 2-Lubna Shoukat Assistant Professors, Department of Educational Training, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan. 3-Muhammad Waheed Assistant Professors, Department of Educational Training, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
Determination of Competence, Discipline, and Culture of Work on Employee Work Achievements Work Satisfaction in District Employees City of Tanjungpinang
Subdistrict is a district/city regional apparatus as well as general government administrators to streamline the implementation of regional government and optimize public services as regional apparatuses that deal directly with the community. To carry out the Main Tasks and Functions of the Districts, competent human resources are needed in carrying out the tasks of achieving organizational work performance goals. For this reason, the researcher examines the relationship between these factors, with sub-districts in Tanjung pinang City as the place of research. Researchers used processed data using SEM with AMOS v.24 software, with 104 respondents. Squared Multiple Correlation whose value is respectively for Work Performance = 71.8%. Thus, it can be stated that Work Performance changes are ...
The Position of Afghan Refugees under Various Agreements and Constitution of Pakistan: An Analysis
This article explores the legal position of Afghan refugees in Pakistan (as it has no refugee related legislation at
national level nor a signatory to refugee related instruments at international level) in the light of . various
agreements which it has concluded with the UNHCR and the Afghan government along with the various protections available
under the 1973 Constitution. A total of eight agreements which started with the first one in 1988 have been concluded among the
Government of Pakistan (GOP), the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the Government of
Afghanistan (GOA) under which various rights have been extended to them apart from their refugee status recognition. The
Constitution of Pakistan also affords them certain fundamental rights irrespective of ...
1-Muhammad Zubair Associate Professor, Department of Law, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, KP, Pakistan. 2-Suhail Shahzad Professor, Law College, University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Aqeel Khan Associate Professor, Department of Law, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
Impact of Corporal Punishment on the Students Drop Out at Primary Level
The research is focused on students, covering aspects of social, cultural, educational, psychological, political and
legal, and medical effects of corporal punishment implications. The research main goal was to find out the
impact of corporal punishment on the primary dropout point of the students. The research population included all of the primary
schools of Gilgit Baltistan. The average sample size of the students was 100. The study participants were interviewed by
questionnaire and interview scheduled for students, teachers and parents. The data were analyzed by calculating the frequency and
percentage, respectively. Corporal punishment was found as an obstacle for the development of a healthy teacher-student
relationship: it affects student character, increases dropout rate, hin ...
1-Muhammad Nisar Ul Haq Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Development, Karakoram International University, Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan.2-Obaid Ullah Lecturer, Department of Education, NUML, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Nisar Principal, Model High School, Shakardarra, Kohat, KP, Pakistan.
The Use of Advertising Appeals and Women Delineation in Breast Cancer Related Web Advertisements: A Semiotic Analysis of Western and Eastern Advertising
This study explores the use of various advertisements and representation of women role in web-based Breast Cancer related advertisements that appeared online, were observed on Google images for three months on weekly basis. Systematic sampling technique was used to gather the sample for the analysis. Signs and symbols are involved in creating the meanings and advertising creates to use of these signs to convey the desired intended messages. This study used semiotics as a method for analyzing various appeals and depiction of females in these breast cancer related web advertisements (BCAds). This research serves as a reagent by building a knowledge base and raising awareness regarding breast cancer related advertisements to develop a persuasive message in order to influence the female in det ...
1-Moneeba Iftikhar Lecturer, Department of Mass Communication, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Tahir Mahmood Assistant Professor, Department of Communication Studies, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan. 3-Afya Asad MS Scholar, Department of Mass Communication, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Web Based Advertisements, Breast Cancer, Advertising Appeals, Semiotic Analysis
The Comparative Study of Politeness in Pashto and English Languages
This research study aims at finding out the expressions of politeness in the Pashto Language. The data were collected from the respondents of the Pashto Language through a questionnaire of the open role-play situations of requesting and apologizing. The questionnaire was adopted from Reiter`s Study (2000), and it was also translated into the Pashto language. House and Kasper`s (1989) Analytical framework and coding scheme were applied for the analysis of the data of both the languages. The results show that politeness exists both in the Pashto language and British English, but the respondents of British English have shown more consideration towards negative politeness than the respondents of the Pashto Language. The British respondents have also shown a need to spare the hearer`s (addresse ...
1-Mian Shah Bacha Head, Department of English, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University, Sheringal, Dir Upper, KP, Pakistan. 2-Rabia Rustum Assistant Professor, Department of Humanities, COMSATS University Islamabad, Abbottabad Campus, KP, Pakistan.
Politeness, Negative Politeness, Positive Politeness, Pashto Language, Role Plays
The Impact of Dividend Policy on Stock Price Volatility in Pakistan
The objective of this study is to inspect dividend policy influence on volatility of share prices. For investigation seven Non-financial segment/sectors have been selected. A sample of 137 firms who paid four dividend payments listed at PSX is analysed for the period of 2007-2017.Proxy for policy of dividend are earning per share, Payout ratio, dividend yield, while assets growth and firm size are taken as control variables. OLS regression model has been initially applied on panel data. The outcomes of fixed effect model are focused. Overall outcomes of the study confirmed that prices of stock is significantly influenced by policy of dividend and reject dividend irrelevance theory. ...
1-Ziaullah Shah MS Management Sciences, Institute of Business Studies and Leadership, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.2-Shehzad Khan Assistant Professor, Institute of Business Studies and Leadership, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan. 3-Muhammad Faizan Malik Assistant Professor, Institute of Business Studies and Leadership, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
Subjectification of Women through Patriarchal Ideology in the Subcontinent: An Analysis of Manto's Khol Do
Modern discourse on gender is dictated by the patriarchal ideology. In this new micro-system of power, women are
overpowered and subjectified in the hands of men. The patriarchal society of the subcontinent, as depicted by Manto,
clearly defines the way oppression of women occurs in the hands of the suppressing ideology. Deploying Foucault's notions of power
and knowledge, this study aims to investigate the ways in which women are subjugated to subjectification under the patriarchal
setup in the subcontinent prior to the partition. This paper highlights how women's bodies are commodified in an unremitted fashion
in the subcontinent and how their bodies' time, place and movement are directed by the "micro-physical" power. ...
1-Amara Khan Assistant Professor, Department of English, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Syed Attia Bibi Visiting Lecturer, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.3-Amna Aziz Lecturer, Department of English, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan.
A Comparative Study of Effectiveness of Pakistani and Foreign Short Stories in Teaching Reading Skills to Pakistani Advanced EFL Students
Reading is a critical language skill that is likely to develop better in nonnative learners if they are provided text
related to their own culture rather than the native or foreign culture. This study aimed to explore the influence of
Pakistani short stories on the reading comprehension of Pakistani EFL learners of advanced level. A group of students of Advanced
Diploma was taught reading skills with the help of three foreign and three Pakistani English short stories. They were administered
tests on the basis of respective stories to study the difference in the development of reading comprehension. The result revealed a
massive difference as the learners performed markedly better in the exercises based on the Pakistani short stories. ...
1-Tahira Malik Bahria University, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Ubaidullah Khan Lecturer, Department of English Language & Applied Linguistics, Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan. 3-Shamim Ara Shams Karakoram International University, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan.