International Anarchic Structure in Nuclearizing South Asia: An Analysis (1974-98)
This explanatory research aimed at analyzing the nuclearization of south Asia using the framework of 'third level
of analysis' named 'international anarchic structure' by Kenneth Waltz. South Asia is the home to 1/3rd of the
global population, out of which around 41% population lives under poverty line. Historical intra-state rivalries, personal political
ambitions and the crucial geostrategic locality made the region extremely attractive for major powers since the de-colonialization of
the sub-continent. The cold war antagonism offered extra space and shelter in acquiring nuclear capabilities to both India and
Pakistan. India's first nuclear test in 1974, putting aside all the international nuclear proliferation efforts, provided legitimacy to
Pakistan's nuclear designs. Moreover, t ...
1-Robina Khan PhD Scholar, Political Science and International Relations,Government College University, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Ghulam Mustafa Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science and IR,Government College University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan. 3-Muhammad Imran Visiting Lecturer,Department of Political Science and IR, Government College University, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
International Anarchic Structure, Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty, International Atomic Energy Agency, Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, Confidence Building Measures.
Analysis of ’Editorial Treatment’ of US Drone Attacks by the Prominent English Dailies in Pakistan
Drone attacks inside Pakistan remained the core issue in international relations and communication scholarship.
This study aims to investigate the editorial treatment of US drone attacks inside Pakistan. The researcher has
employed a content analysis method to examine the frequency and themes within the editorial published by The Nation and Daily
Times from February 18th 2008 to February 28th 2011. The study found that Daily Times supports the Pakistani government
stance on US drone attacks inside Pakistan and The Nation as opponent to the government regarding US drone attacks inside
Pakistan. The findings imply that media in Pakistan is presenting diverse and pluralistic voices on political issues specifically on an
international issue of drone attacks. In this way, its role in publ ...
1-Arshad Ali Assistant Professor,Center for Media and Communication Studies,University of Gujrat, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Sobia Abid Lecturer,Center for Media and Communication Studies, University of Gujrat, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Zahid Bilal Assistant Professor, Department of Communication Studies,University of Okara, Punjab, Pakistan.
Editorial Treatment, Drone Attacks, English Dailies, Content Analysis
China-Pakistan Economic Corridor is an emerging debate. This project called a game-changer for Pakistan-China
and for whole region. The main argument based on the phenomena of economic interdependence established peace
and integration in the region. The new world order revolves around economic power rather than nuclear power. The economic strength
is playing a significant role in regional integration and peace. The CPEC project based on both economic and strategic aspects. This
project deals the growing economic interdependence and the phenomena of power politics in South Asia. The CPEC is important part
of Chinas Marshall plan OBOR and providing a win-win situation for all states of region. This study contributes that how growing
economic interdependence through CPEC established pea ...
1-Sabahat Jaleel PhD Scholar, National Institute of Pakistan Studies,Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Naureen Talha Associate Professor,National Institute of Pakistan Studies, Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Zahir Shah Assistant Professor,Department of Political Science,Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
Regional Integration, Economic Corridor, Power Politics, OBOR
Analysis of Question Papers of Physics on Bloom Taxonomy at Secondary Level
This research reviewed the question-based papers on secondary-school physics on cognitive taxonomy in the Bloom
area between 2014 and 2018 and considered that the papers of the BISE Rawalpindi were merely memorized fact
tests or all the cognitive domain categories. In this report, the experts have provided different targets in the papers for evaluation
purposes. The research population was the question papers of Physics of class10 since the last five years. The papers were analyzed
by a group of five experts. The research tool was the questionnaire which was critically analyzed by the experts and identified the
marks allotted to various categories of cognitive domain. Simple percentage method was used to calculate the allotted marks. The
major objectives were to analyze the question ...
1-Javed Iqbal Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Development, Karakoram International University (KIU), Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan.2-Obaid Ullah Lecturer, Department of Education, NUML, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Nisar Principal, Model High School, Shakardarra, Kohat, KP, Pakistan.
Muslims and Islam: Freeze Framed Discourses in Hollywood during 1978-2013
Hollywood movies have revealed dramatic and varying status of Islam and
Muslims, calling them as magical carpets to mummified leadership and,
ultimately global bastion of terrorism. Various researchers consider Hollywood film industry
as a reflection to construct public opinion in the cinema industry and, it creates crucial slots
that rely on emotive and evocative imagination adjustable to stereotypic approach. Many
other researchers believe that such stereotypical conception against Arabs (Muslims) roles
in US movies later 11th of September attacks prove damaging depictions, notorious
recognition of Arabic ethnicity and Islamic religion like harming ideology contrary to past
perceptions. However, majority of these researches stress mostly on the movies narratives
and could not ge ...
1-Abida Noureen Assistant Professor,Department of Media Studies,The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan2-Sajjad Ahmad Paracha Associate Professor,Department of Media Studies,The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
Cultural Adjustment of Somalian and Chinese Students at IIUI Pakistan: A Comparative Study
Studying at a higher education institution can be stressful, particularly for international students, who leave their
homes to study in another country. Some students adjust more rapidly than others. This study explored the difference
between the cultural adaptation of Chinese and Somalian students at IIUI Pakistan. The key objective of the study was to explore the
pace of cultural adaptation of two foreign students from two different regions at IIUI. It was a purposeful qualitative study The
population was all the Chinese and Somalian students studying in IIUI BS program in faculty of social sciences. A universal sampling
technique was used to select 55 Chinese and 55 Somalian students for the study. The self-developed questionnaire used to collect the
data. The analysis showed that ...
An Analysis of the Development of Learner Autonomy among EFL Learners through Language Learning Diaries in the Context of Punjab (Pakistan)
Learner autonomy refers to a state where a learner takes charge of the
learning. The students in foreign language classrooms are still much
relying on their teachers and take less responsibility for their own learning. The present study
is quasi-experimental research that designed an autonomous learning program to develop
autonomy among Pakistani foreign language learners. The study aimed at examining the
development of autonomy among learners through analyzing their language learning diaries.
The target population of the study was tertiary level students of Lahore, Punjab (Pakistan)
and the sample was the tertiary level students of a public sector women university of Lahore.
The autonomy development program was implemented as an intervention for 27 weeks. The
data was collected t ...
1-Ayesha Butt PhD Scholar, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Uzma Quraishi Professor,Institute of Education,Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Asma Shahid Kazi Assistant Professor, Institute of Education, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Autonomy Development Program, English as a Foreign Language, Foreign Language Learning, Language Learning Strategies, Learner Autonomy
Evaluating the Use of Educational Technologies by Secondary School Teachers for Effective Service Delivery in Pakistan
The existing study attempts to evaluate the use of educational technology by secondary school teachers for effective
service delivery in Pakistan. The major purpose of this endeavor was (a) to trace out the secondary school teachers
competencies regarding educational technologies; (b) to observe and record proficient use of teachers educational technology for
effective service delivery in Pakistan. The study was based on descriptive research design and observational checklist was used to analyze
the secondary school teacher skills in term of effective use of educational technologies. A sample of 453 respondents (Secondary School
Teachers) was selected by using multiple stage sampling technique. On the base of analysis of the study, most of the teachers were
found weak in using educat ...
1-Muhammad Shakir Lecturer,Educational Training,The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Syed Zubair Haider Assistant Professor, Educational Training,The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Rafaquat Ali Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Bahawalnagar Campus,The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
Educational Technologies, Effective Service Delivery
Examining the Spending Patterns of Compensated Displaced Households (CDHs): Empirical Evidence from DiamerBasha Dam Site
This research has two objectives. First, it explores the spending patterns of the households who receive monetary
compensation for their land that government takes over for initiating national projects; in our case, it is about
building the countrys largest dam. Second, it examines what we call the demonstration effects. Literature abounds with cases
examining behaviors of internally displaced individuals while the opposite is true for the compensated displaced households. This
is the backdrop, this research carried out a field survey to collect data for 192 households. The compensation received is divided into
communal land compensation and private land compensation. In line with arguments with the Keynesian consumption function that
provides the theoretical foundation to our empiri ...
1-Arsalan Ahmad Khan MPhil Scholar, Department of Economics, University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.2-Saranjam Baig Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Karakorum International University, Gilgit, Pakistan.3-Abid Hussain Lecturer,Department of Economics,Karakorum International University, Gilgit, Pakistan.
Diamer-Basha Dam, Private Land Compensation, Communal Compensation, Spending Patterns
Relationship of Pedagogical Skills and Content Knowledge with Pedagogical Design Capacity in Higher Education of Pakistan
Pedagogical content knowledge is a special type of knowledge possessed by the teachers that not only unravels the
teachers understanding of the content but also explains how to teach content (Knowledge of Pedagogy) effectively.
The purpose of study was to check the relationship of teacher educators pedagogical content knowledge and pedagogical skills with
their pedagogical design capacity. Purposive sampling technique was applied for selecting 200 teachers educators of the Departments
of Education of public universities of Punjab and colleges of education in Pakistan. The questionnaire was used for data collection
and Pearsons correlation used for data analysis.The results revealed that a significant and moderate relationship existed between
teachers PCK and PDC. The result showed a ...
1-Samina Rafique PhD Scholar, Department of Education, International Islamic University Islamabad, Pakistan. 2-Shamsa Aziz Chairperson, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education, International Islamic University, Islamabad Pakistan.
Role of Organizational Public Relations in Image Building of Publics: A Case Study of Coca Cola Pakistan
The Public Relations is becoming more demanding with the diverse
practices during recent years. An organization is considered stronger
because of effective PR. PR experts are working to enhance the effectiveness of an
organization while eliminating the deficiencies of PR which directly affects the organizational
strength. This paper aims to explore how effectively public relations build image of its
organization, how it gratify its public, refining its policies on the basis of active feedback.
Specifically, the purpose was to measure the relationship among organization, employees and
its publics. The data was collected through survey method from Coca Cola Pakistan via closed
ended questionnaire and taking into account the influence of public opinion. This study
concludes with the ...
1-Ejaz Ahmed PhD Scholar,Department of Media Studies, The Islamia University Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Abdul Wajid Khan Assistant Professor,Department of Media Studies,The Islamia University Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
Image Building, Public Relations, Organizational Public Relations, PR Campaign
Breadth of EFL Vocabulary Building at Secondary Level in Pakistan: A Corpus-based Perspective
Vocabulary learning is one of the challenging tasks in a foreign language classroom. In order to make this process
motivating and friendly, one of the useful techniques is to unburden the teacher and to provide the learners with
maximum autonomy. Graves (2007) asserts that EFL learners should have the vocabulary size of approximately 3,000 to 6,000
English words. The undertaken study is an attempt in this regard to determine the breadth of the EFL vocabulary at secondary level.
A corpus of Pakistani English has been compiled in this regard. In order to process data, Wordsmith Tools, a statistical method for
analyzing corpus data, has been used to retrieve the frequency list. Afterwards, the results have been analysed with SPSS. The
findings establish the fact that the determining the ...
1-Shamim Akhter Researcher,Department of English, Institute of Southern Punjab, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Behzad Anwar Assistant Professor,Department of English,University of Gujrat, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Abrar Hussain Qureshi Associate Professor,Department of English Institute of Southern Punjab, Punjab, Pakistan.
Corpus; frequency list; EFL; learning strategies; vocabulary.
Extracting the Mediation Model of Perceived Organizational Support in the Relationship between HRM Practices and Organizational Commitment of Bankers in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Pakistan): A Review Paper
Human resource management is one of the necessary tools of todays modern
organizations. Businesses without a trained and skillful human resource
(HR) are far left behind in competition and market share. The fundamental role of HR and
human resource systems are to hunt, hire and train professionals for different business
structures and sections. Without proper and professional team of human resource,
organizations simply become machines and thus do not survive in the long run. This paper
has been designed to review the existing literature available on HRM practices,
organizational commitment, perceived organizational support and demographic attributes to
extract the mediation model. ...
1-Zia ur Rehman Teacher,Worker Welfare Board, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.2-Aziz Javed Assistant Professor,institute of Business Administration,Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, KP, Pakistan.3-Khalid Rehman Department of Public Administration,Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, KP, Pakistan.
Learning Entrepreneurship: A Study of Instructional Practices in Business Education and Entrepreneurial Skills of Business Graduates in Pakistan
This study intended to investigate the instructional practices at business
schools and the learning of entrepreneurial skills. The objectives of the study
were: to find out prevailing instructional practices of business educators, entrepreneurship
skills of business graduates and the relationship of instructional practices with
entrepreneurial skills. The population of the study comprised of business educators and
business graduates of the province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa of Pakistan. The data was collected
through two self-developed questionnaires from 79 business educators and 170 business
graduates. The results revealed that traditional instructional practices are used by majority
of business educators. However some of the business educators used modern instructional
practices. The ...
1-Nasir Shaheen Assistant Professor, Centre for management and commerce, University of Swat, KP, Pakistan.2-Nasir Ahmad Assistant Professor, Center for Education & Staff Training,University of Swat, KP, Pakistan.3-Sajjad Hussain Lecturer, Center for Education & Staff Training, University of Swat, KP, Pakistan.
Freedom of Expression versus Blasphemy: A Comparative Study of Pakistan and United States’ News Media
This study compares the freedom of expression exercised by news media of the United States and the Pakistan;
with reference to the controversial movie trailer "Innocence of Muslims"; released on You-tube by July 1, 2012.
Content analysis research design is applied. Our time frame is September 11-30, 2012 and 50 opinion articles from the
Washington post, the Los Angeles Times, Dawn and the Express Tribune are our sample. The framing theory is applied; consistency
and discord frame category system is adopted. Dominant frames and their changing trends in different quarters of the timeframe
are studied. It was found that discord frame was dominant frame on both sides. The vitality of the discord and consistency frame
coverage in Pakistani media was higher than United States' media. The U ...
1-Tasaddaq Hussain PhD Scholar, Department of Media and Communication Studies,Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, KP, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Aslam Pervez Professor,Department of Media and Communication Studies, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, KP, Pakistan.3-Syed Inamur Rahman Assistant Professor, Department of Media and Communication Studies,International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Blasphemy, Freedom of Expression, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, Dawn, Express Tribune, Consistency and Discord.
The Effects of Dictionary Vocabulary Learning Versus Contextual Vocabulary Acquisition on the Vocabulary Development of Pakistani EFL Learners
The vocabulary of a language refers to the range of words used in it. A number of strategies are used in EFL classrooms
to teach vocabulary, where the most common are Dictionary Vocabulary Learning (DVL) and Contextual Vocabulary
Acquisition (CVA) The present study investigates the difference between the vocabulary development of EFL learners undergone the
mentioned strategies. The study is experimental and the population is the BS students of Punjab (Pakistan). The sample was forty EFL
students, divided as group 1 and group 2, where group 1 was taught by using DVL while group 2 was taught by CVA. Pre and Post
tests were used to see the effects of DVL on group 1 and of CVA on group 2. Results indicated that the vocabulary development of the
students taught by using CVA was higher tha ...
1-Sameera Ayub Bhatti Lecturer, Lahore School of Accountacy and Finance, The University of Lahore (UOL), Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan2-Ayesha Butt Assistant Professor,TESOL, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Afifa Khanam Assistant Professor,Department of Education,Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
English as a foreign language (EFL), Dictionary Vocabulary Learning (DVL), Contextual Vocabulary Acquisition (CVA), Vocabulary Development
Emotional Intelligence and Teaching Practices of University Teachers
The aim of the research was to explore the role of emotional intelligence in teaching practices of the teachers in univ er s ities. T he teac hing f ac ulty of all the gener al pub lic univ ers ities of Punjab was the population of the study. By using multistage random sampling technique, five general public universities of Punjab were selected randomly. After this four departments were randomly selected from five randomly selected faculties from each university. After this, 50% faculty members were r andomly selec ted from each fac ulty . T wo r es earch instruments wer e developed; one for emotional intelligenc e and the second c hec klis t for teaching pr ac tic es of teachers in univers ities. The res earc h ins truments wer e v alidated through expert opinions and pilot testing and re ...
1-Misbah Iqbal Lecturer,Department of Education,University of Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Mushtaq Ahmad Assistant Professor, Department of Education,University of Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Sahibzada Shamim ur Rasul Lecturer,Department of Education, University of Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan.
Emotional Intelligence, Teaching Practices, General Public Universities
Professional Qualifications and Competencies of Teacher Educators and Subject Teachers of Education: Gender Wise Analysis
The present study analyzed the gender-wise professional qualifications and competencies of teacher educators and
subject teachers of education. The respondents were categorized into three groups in order to measure their
competencies and professional qualification. These were Heads / Principals, Teacher Educators and Subject Teachers of Education
and their students. Questionnaires and personal profile prorforma were used as instruments for data collection. T-test and Percentage
were applied for the purpose of analysis. The data analysis states most of the male and female subject teachers of education and
teachers educators do not have any professional qualification as well as competencies of the male teachers is significantly different
from female teachers. Male teachers were compete ...
1-Fatima Zahoor Research Scholar,Department of Education, International Islamic University Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Nabi Bux Jumani Professor, Department of Education,International Islamic University Islamabad, Pakistan3-Samina Malik Professor,Department of Education,International Islamic University Islamabad, Pakistan.
Professional Qualification, Competencies, Subject Teachers of Education, Teachers Educators
The Antecedents of Burnout in Heads of Secondary Schools of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: A Study of Relationships among Burnout, Organizational Commitment and Emotional Intelligence
Occupational burnout, according to Hanisah (2019), is an increasingly important phenomenon in Asian
countries. School education departments are no exception. The purpose of this study was to analyze the prevalence
of burnout among the heads of secondary schools in KPK. This study also investigates the correlation of burnout, emotional
intelligence and organizational commitment. The sample of this study comprised 336 head teachers (168 males and 168 females)
of secondary schools in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Stratified sampling technique was used to select the sample. The research instruments
included Copenhagen burnout inventory, Wong and law emotional intelligence scale, Allen and Meyer organizational
commitment. For hypothesis testing, Pearson Correlation Coefficient test was chosen. The ...
1-Tahira Bibi Senior Teacher,Department of Educational Planning,Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan. 2-Afshan Huma Assistant Professor,Department of Educational Planning,Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
The Influence of SMS Language on Academic Writing: A Study at University Level in South Punjab, Pakistan
Text messaging language is taking the place of Standard English language which is applied as a source of
communication via cell phone. It is emerging in the form of a new language. It is influencing the formal writing of
the learners. Keeping in view the above-mentioned purpose, the current study was planned to find out the influence of it on academic
writing.27 University English language teachers and 160 students were the Participants of the study. Data were collected through
two questionnaires. Collected data was analyzed through the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The results revealed that
students are inclined to the use of SMS language as it is easy to use. It is an easy, convenient and speedy way of communication. The
findings also showed that teachers and stud ...
1-Akbar Ali Assistant Professor, Department of English,University of FATA, KP, Pakistan.2-Abdul Khaliq Assistant Professor,Department of Social & Allied Sciences,CUVAS Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Fazal Hanan Assistant Professor,Department of Sociology,FATA University, KP, Pakistan.
Professional Qualification, Competencies, Subject Teachers of Education, Teachers Educators
Lyotardian Language Games: A Postmodernist Critique of Our Lady of Alice Bhatti
This research seeks to analyze Our Lady of Alice Bhatti in the light of Lyotardian language games. The novel is
written by Muhammad Hanif who is arenowned Pakistani novelist and writer. The novel, through language games,
subverts the master narratives of nation, science, justice, culture, and faith. This research explores the role of language to interpret,
understand and communicate in the postmodern world as in todays world every idea exists in the form of signs or language. This
reading explores the novel through textual analysis, and it is qualitative and exploratory. It ends with the findings and
recommendations for further research. ...
1-Ayesha Ashraf Awan Lecturer,Department of English, NUML Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Munawar Iqbal Ahmad Professor,Department of English,Air University Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Sundes Bashir Lecturer, Department of English, The University of Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Postmodernism, Metanarratives, Science, Enlightenment, Lyotard, Language Games
Practices of Multicultural Education among the Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities at University of Management and Technology Lahore
The aim of this research is to analyze practices in multicultural education among faculty of UMT, Lahore campus.
To achieve the aim of study, the data was collected from 33 faculty members of the SSH department of UMT through
purposive sampling. The closed-ended questionnaire with 5 Likert scale was used as an instrument to collect the data along with it a
semi-structured interview was conducted to achieve the triangulation. Furthermore, the framework focuses on the different dimensions
of multiethnic schooling created by Bank (2006, 2010). Data gathered through questionnaire was analyzed quantitatively while
the data collected through semi-structured interview was analyzed qualitatively. The study revealed that the teachers are more
focusing on content integration and equity pedagog ...
1-Arshad Ali Khan Assistant Professor,Department of Linguistics and Communication,University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Amina Khalid Lecturer,Department of Linguistics and Communication,University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan3-Faiza Abid Assistant Professor,Department of Linguistics and Communication,University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Multicultural Education, Multicultural Competency, Diverse Culture
Quality and Standards of Pakistan Studies Curriculum at Master Level in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
The main aim of the study was to explore the quality and standards of the curriculum at the master level in different
institutes of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The interview schedule was prepared for the collection of data from five subject
specialists, experts. The analytic approach was used for the analysis of data. The data was codedinto predetermined categories related
to the theme. The results show that the curriculum of Pakistan studies enables the students to acquire and apply the concepts of
Pakistan Studies to the problems of the world they live in. The result also provided that the curriculum of Pakistan Studies highlights
the importance of national integration, unity and patriotism. There is no proper balance, for instance, most of the subject has been
given the orientation of his ...
1-Tabassum Mehboob PhD Scholar, Pakistan Study Centre,University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.2-Abdullah Khan Professor,Pakistan Study Centre, University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.3-Amjad Reba Assistant Professor,Institute of Education & Research (IER),University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.
A Study of Linkages between Fiscal Decentralization and Macroeconomic Performance in Pakistan (2000-2015)
This study has mainly examined the association “between Fiscal decentralization and Macroeconomic performance
in” Pakistan. “The time series data 1980 to 2018 has been used for the above-stated purpose”. This empirical study
has used the Eviews9 software and estimation technique regression for the empirical analysis. “The study has found the significant
association between Macroeconomic performance and fiscal decentralization in the” country. The “chief variables of fiscal
decentralization are revenue transfer to the provinces and revenue generated by federating units and results of both variables” suggest
the higher extent of fiscal devolution. The horizontal resource distribution mechanism among the provinces and vertical resources
sharing method between provinces a ...
1-Ghulam Muhammad Mangnejo Ph.D. Scholar,Department of Economics,Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur, Sindh, Pakistan2-Muhammad Saleem Rahpoto Professor,Department of Economics,Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur, Sindh, Pakistan.
Impact of Work Environment on Professional Integrity: A Case Study of Journalists in Islamabad
This study aims to explore the working environment of Pakistani journalists in Islamabad by analyzing their opinion
on media freedom and professional autonomy. It also aims to highlight the limitations and difficulties faced by
these journalists while performing their professional duties. To achieve these aims, focus groups and in-depth interviews of media
professionals were conducted. The focus group consisted of seven experienced journalists whereas in-depth interviews involved five
male and three female journalists of the same city for a comprehensive understanding of their viewpoints and true insight of their
position. Results showed all the respondents (male and female) from Islamabad city were not satisfied with their working environment,
safety, and security. Not only their sa ...
1-Gohar Ali PhD Candidate,Department of Media Studies, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Zubair Shafiq Assistant Professor,Department of Media Studies, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
The Professional Profile, Working Environment, Professional Integrity, Professional Independence, The Safety of Journalists, Professional Integrity
Treatment of Developmental Journalism in Pakistani and Indian Press: A Comparative Study of Daily Dawn, Times of India, Jung and Daily Sahafat
The study is designed to investigate the treatment of developmental issues in Pakistani and Indian Newspapers
from 2012 to 2014.The overall news coverage of developmental issues remained less in term of number of published
news, less in term of prominent placement, less in term of space and less in term of international developmental coverage. However,
the ratio of developmental issues remained favorable. The results of the study showed that the attention is not being given to the
developmental issues in Pakistani and Indian print media so its recommends development journalism and trainings of journalists in
both countries for the prosperity and development. ...
1-Tanveer Hussain PhD Scholar,Department of Media Studies, Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Ghulam Shabir Professor, Department of Media Studies,Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
Development, Treatment, Placement, Prominence, Communication
Challenges to Indus Waters Treaty and Options for Pakistan
The Indus water treaty was signed on 19th September 1960 by India and Pakistan under the aegis of the World
Bank. Bilateral principles regarding water apportionment between both states were ensured by the Treaty. As a
result, waters of the eastern rivers; Sutlej, Beas and Ravi, were assigned exclusively to India, while Pakistan received exclusive water
rights of the western rivers; the Indus, Jhelum and Chenab but India is allowed to irrigate some specific land in Indian occupied
Jammu and Kashmir and to generate hydroelectric power through run-off-the river projects. Following the Uri incident, the Indian
government and media are generating ideas to discard the Indus water treaty. This paper focuses on legal and international
implications if India attempts to unilaterally revoke the ...
1-Muhammad Nawaz Bhatti Associate Professor, Department of Politics & International Relations,University of Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan2-Ghulam Mustafa Assistant Professor,Political Science & International Relations,Government College University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Waris Assistant Professor,History and Pakistan Studies,Government College University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
Indus Waters Treaty, Challenges, India, Pakistan, Options for Pakistan.
Dynamics of U.S. Pakistan Bilateral Relations: An Empirical Analysis after U.S. War on Terror
During the first 15 years of twenty-first century, under the reflections of War on Terror the relations between
United States of America (USA) and Pakistan turned from warm to the coldest and then to be very close allies.
During the concerned period the USA increasingly let Pakistan have its assistance in military as well as civilian domains.
Highlighting the losses incurred to the USA and Pakistan in the War on Terror, this paper shows up the concerns of the USA in
Pakistan during this period that instigated the USA to assist Pakistan. Meanwhile the hurdles to USA in providing assistance are
identified. This paper also undertakes a brief survey of the USAs military and civil assistance. The review leads to conclusion that
the assistance declined in the later five years. The assistan ...
1-Tajamal Rashid Rana PhD student,History and Pakistan Studies,Government College University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Rizwan Ullah Kokab Assistant Professor,History and Pakistan Studies,Government College University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
USA, Pakistan, Aid, Interests, Conversion, Diversion.
Fight against poverty and sustainable development has equal importance in todays development discourse. This
paper explores the relationship between poverty and sustainable development and how they can be inclined to
achieve Sustainable development goals. Economic factors have also been explored in this paper and the social, economic and
behavioral improvement which only the improvement of the economic factors can bring to the locale. It has also been observed that
poverty is mainly the factor that causes problems when addressed social problems that can be minimized. Poverty counts on the
basic necessities of life for individuals improving it can improve the locale. In the end, the discussion is concluded and measures
are suggested which can be adopted to make the poverty reduction s ...
Prevalence of Cyber Bullying and its Effect on Adolescents: A Literature Review
While forms of traditional bullying have been declining over the past two decades, cyber bullying has emerged
as a modern form of bullying in recent times. Previous research studies have not been developed much on the issue
of cyber bullying. The current study reviews the relevant research studies as the excessive usage of social media and by young people
and different themes have been carried out from the help of the existing literature. The present study has synthesised current
literature on: i) prevalence of cyber bullying among adolescents ii) huge level of cyber bullying occurrences in educational
institutions iii) people who are more prone to be the victims and perpetrators iv) effects of cyber bullying on adolescence v) preventive
measures for the wellbeing of Pakistani adoles ...
1-Fouzia Parveen PhD Scholar, Department of Education, The Islamic University Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Abid Shahzad Assistant Professor,Department of Education, The Islamic University Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Sobia Altaf PhD Scholar,Department of Education,The Islamic University Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
Pakistan on FATFs Grey List: Terrorist Financing Perspective
Pakistan is facing great challenges of terrorism which have posed serious threats towards integrity and stability
of the country. It is unanimously agreed that finance serves as lifeline for execution of terrorist activities. Terrorist
groups generate funds through multiple sources and transfer them by exploiting the loopholes existing in financial system. Despite,
Pakistan has taken sufficient steps to counter the financing of terrorism (CFT), nonetheless, money is still transmitting due to some
regulatory flaws of the financial system. Owing to terrorist financing related deficiencies, Pakistan has been placed on the
Financial Action Task Force (FATF) “Grey list”. FATF has warned Pakistan to be blacklisted if precipitate actions to address TF
related deficiencies are not taken ...
Regional Inequalities, Childhood Socioeconomic Conditions and Adult Life Outcomes — Evidence from Pakistan
The circumstances during early years of life wieldasignificant impact on adult life outcomes by influencing and
altering the cognitive, social and personality development of individuals. While these, in turn, are determined
largely by the parental socioeconomic status which, in great part, depends on prosperity of the regions within which they dwell.
This study assessed the relationship among regional inequalities, its influence on early life conditions and the consequent
transmission toadult life in the shape of socioeconomic outcomes. For this purpose, secondary data on Pakistans regional, economic
and sociodemographic indicators was utilized. Results confirmed the significance of regional disparities over living conditions at
the start of life and lifelongsocioeconomic outcomes. A ...
Verb complementation in New Englishes perspective has attracted extensive scholarly attention (Nihalani et al.,
2004). A valuable deviation due to emergence of locally characteristic linguistic patterns in Pakistani English
can be captured in the domain of verb complementation called New Ditransitives(NDTs) (Bernaisch & Koch, 2015), on a broad
syntactic level, NDTs are verbs used in double-object construction in new Englishes but not in standard British English. This paper
is an attempt to find out NDTs in Pakistani English as compared to British English by using comparable corpora and as well as
Predication phrase analysis of Larson (1988) compatible with Chomskys ideas about argumentsƒƒƒ interpretations in the area of vp
is used for syntactic analysis. The theoretical significan ...
The Role of Project Management Social Responsibility in Project Success: An evidence of Project Sustainability Management from Developing Regions
Projects have been playing a vital role in the sustainable development of organizations and society as well. The
study aimed to examine the role of project management social responsibility in the enhancement of projects
success in Pakistan. The methodological approach was survey-based research utilizing 13 items of social responsibility
questionnaire, whereas project success was measured through the 25 items Project Success Assessment Questionnaire. A stratified
random sampling technique was used and 300 questionnaires were distributed to project managers for cross-sectional data
collection. The project managers were the respondents having work experience of social sector projects in Pakistan. The collected
data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, correlation, and regression a ...
1-Muhammad Iftikhar Ali PhD Scholar, Department of Management Sciences,Bahria University, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Shumaila Israr Assistant Professor, Department of Management Sciences,Bahria University, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Samia Zaheer PhD Scholar,Department of Education, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Project Sustainability Management, Project Success, PM Social Responsibility
Linking Knowledge Management with Organizational Performance through Organizational Learning: Evidence from Higher Education Institutions in Pakistan
The present study aimed to examine the mediating role of organizational learning in the relationship between
knowledge management and organizational performance in HEIs, KP, Pakistan. Teachers working in the
Universities were considered the sample (n=338) of the study. A structured questionnaire comprised items about research variables
administered in order to collect data. Baron and Kennys (1986) four-step models applied through Preacher and Hayes (2013)
Process macro as a data analysis technique. The current study results show that organizational learning acts partially mediates in
the association between KM and OP. Moreover, enriching the literature on this understanding, the present study is also of value
in managerial perspective as it helps increase higher education institution ...
1-Khalid Rehman PhD Scholar,Institute of Business Administration,Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, KP, Pakistan.2-Shadi Ullah Khan Professor, IPAS,Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, KP, Pakistan.3-Aziz Javed Assistant Professor,Institute of Business Administration,Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, KP, Pakistan.
The Study Abroad Decision: A Qualitative Case Study of Pakistani Doctoral Students
Deciding to pursue doctoral studies abroad is informed by several factors reflected by students perspectives and
experiences. The present study purports to examine Pakistani doctoral students study abroad decisions and their
preference to study in Austria. The study drew on a qualitative case study approach to grasp a broader perspective of the participants
who were comprised of twenty doctoral students selected purposefully from the public universities of Austria. The data were collected
through a semi-structured interview guide with open-ended questions. The researcher performed a thematic analysis of the interview
data, field notes and reflective writing after all the participants described their personal experiences and perspectives. As a result of
the analysis, the themes emerge ...
1-Syed Abdul Waheed Assistant Professor,Department of Educational Research & Assessment, Faculty of Education, University of Okara, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Nadia Gilani Assistant Professor,Department of Teacher Education, Faculty of Education,University of Okara, Punjab, Pakistan. 3-Lubna Shoukat Assistant Professor,Department of Educational Training,Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
Doctoral Studies, Study Abroad Decision, Austria, International Students, Pakistan, EnglishSpeaking Country, German Language.
NGOs Activism Against Firms in Varying Institutional Contexts: Is the Picture Portrayed by Vachani and Associates Complete?
Vachani and Associates (2009) examined the effect of NGOs activism on firms transaction costs in varying
institutional contexts. These authors proposed that regions with higher institutional development level—e.g.,
North America, will have a higher number and efficacy of advocacy NGOs, leading to higher transaction costs for firms resulting
from NGO pressures. Our work revisits and extends the theoretical framework as proposed by these authors by a) precisely specifying
the types of NGO actors involved in activism against firms b) explaining the process through which NGOs increase transaction costs
of the firms in North American region, for this we draw on mandatory adaptations perspective c) explaining why firms
internationalize from North America region to South Asia region which ...
1-Anjeela Khurram Research Scholar, RITM,University of Paris Saclay, France.2-Shahzad Khuram Assistant Professor,School of Management, Air University, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Naeem Assistant Professor,Business Administration,Foundation University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Institutional Development Level, Internationalization, Mandatory Adaptations, North America Region, South Asia Region, Transaction Costs, Watchdog NGOs activism.
Teachers Perspectives on Headteachers Mistreatment: Exploring the other Side of the Coin
Treating teachers appropriately is considered extremely important for promoting a healthy and effective school
environment. The present research predominantly focused on headteachers professional behaviour towards teachers
in an attempt to explore teachers unheard voices. A phenomenological approach was employed to uncover teachers experiences of
how they are treated by the headteachers in schools. Fifteen teachers were purposively selected from public and private schools of an
administrative division in the province of Punjab, Pakistan. The participants were interviewed using a semi-structured interview
guide. The underlying themes were explored through a thematic analysis of the text. The emergent themes include teacher-head
teacher interaction, authoritative in the meetings, favou ...
1-Fareed Ul Hassan PhD Scholar,Faculty of Education,University of Okara, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Syed Abdul Waheed Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Research & Assessment,Faculty of Education, University of Okara, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Nadia Gilani Assistant Professor, Department of Teacher Education, Faculty of Education, University of Okara, Punjab, Pakistan.
Value of Animal Idioms in Bringing about Native-Like Proficiency among EFL Learners
Native-like proficiency in English requires learning idioms but they are difficult to master. Beginning with idioms
having pictorial quality and universally known animals can greatly help initial learners of EFL for testing this
hypothesis, learners from the first semester of five different BS programs at Kohat University of Science and Technology, were taught
different idioms, in a one-month English language teaching program. They were evaluated at the end of the course at short notice.
Eleven categories of idioms were formed and 20 idioms belonging to each category were set in the test. The learners scores on idioms
involving common and well-known animals were higher as compared to the scores on another type of idioms. It was found that such
idioms are learned, retained and recalle ...
1-Syed Shujaat Ali Assistant Professor (Chairman), Department of English,Kohat University of Science & Technology, Kohat, KP, Pakistan. 2-Ammara Farukh Assistant Professor,Department of English,University of Education, Lahore, Vehari Campus, Vehari, Punjab, Pakistan. 3-Muhammad Ishtiaq Lecturer,Department of English,Government College of Management Sciences, Kohat, KP, Pakistan.
Phonemic Inventory of Khowar Language: An Acoustic Analysis
Khowar, the lingua franca of people living in district Chitral, is a rich language from a linguistic perspective,
possessing links with Old Indo-Aryan (OIA) languages in its inventory and lexical similarity with the Sanskrit
language. The aim of the current study is to redefine and document its phonemic inventory with the possible, latest and authentic
linguistic tools. The findings of this study will benefit both native speakers and educational institutions with their Khowar language
script and will provide an easy way for interested researchers. This descriptive study followed both qualitative and quantitative scales,
with segment acoustic description, explanation and charting formant values. The data has been collected in the form of recording
from native speakers of Khowar langua ...
1-Ayaz ud Din Visiting Lecturer, Department of English,University of Chitral, KP, Pakistan.2-Umaima Kamran Assistant Professor,Department of English,Quaid-I-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan. 3-Zubair Khan Lecturer, Department of English,University of Science & Technology, Bannu KP, Pakistan.
Effects of Remittances on Financial Development: A Time Series Analysis for Pakistan
International migrant remittances are possibly the largest source of external finance in developing countries and
this inflow have has considerable importance in the development of the financial sector. The present study aimed
to analyze the link between workers remittances and development of the financial sector in the context of Pakistan. To carry out
this empirical analysis, the study utilized a data set of annual frequency ranging from 1980 to 2015 (post-liberalization period).
The econometric methodology of Auto-Regressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) has been used to get the short-run and long-run elasticities
of the model. Overall findings suggested that there is a strong positive link between the inflow of remittances and the development
of the financial sector in the context of Pa ...
1-Muhammad Awais Assistant Professor, Department of Economics & Finance,Foundation University Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Nazima Ellahi Assistant Professor,Department of Economics & Finance,Foundation University Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Ahmed Sher PhD Scholar,Department of Business Administration, Iqra University Islamabad, Pakistan.
Educational Programs on Children Television: A Content Analysis
This research study is about childrens educational TV programs broadcasted by Top 10 International children
entertainment TV channels. The researcher has adopted a content analysis method to analyze the number of
educational TV programs broadcasted, their themes and genres. What kind of message these educational programs deliver, for which
specific age group they were designed. The data was collected from educational television research organizations.TV has a vital
place in childrens life. They consume a share of their leisure time in front of the television. This research study proved that watching
educational programs in childhood improved their academic performance and it has a positive effect on their learning behavior,
cognition, and socialization skill, emotional and intellectu ...
1-Huma Khan PhD Scholar,Department of Media Studies, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Sajjad Ahmad Paracha Associate professor, Department of Media Studies,The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
Educational TV, School Readiness, Academic Performance, Language, Math, Science, Cognitive Development
Impediments in the Disbursement of Micro-Credit Among Small Farmers: A Case Study of Dir(L) Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
This article entitled, “Impediments in the Disbursement of Micro-Credit among Small Farmers (a case study of
lower Dir Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan)” aimed to highlights the hindrances confronted to small farmers in
micro-credit for agriculture production. The majority of the farmers are poor because of low agricultural production and income.
The farmers are unable to increase the production of agriculture without the help of government support. The sample size of 152
respondents was selected according to the criterion design be Sakaran. The association between independent and dependent variables
were analysed through the Chi-Square Test. The study inferred that high-financing cost; absence of access to miniaturized scale
credit, inflexible standards, demeanour of the bank staff ...
1-Ihsan Ulla Khan Assistant Professor,Department of Sociology,FATA University, TSD Dara NMD Kohat, KP, Pakistan.2-Khalil Ur Rahman Assistant Professor,Department of Sociology,Hazara University Mansehra, KP, Pakistan.3-Azizullah Jan PhD Sociology, Department of Elementary and Secondary Education Khyber Pakhtunkhwa,University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.
Small Scale Credit; High-Interest Rate; Small Farmer; Illiteracy, and low Production.
Social Media and Citizen Journalism Practices of Students in Pakistan: An Alternative Approach to Uses and Gratification
The rise of social media led to changes in the behavior of human communication. The social media users are
easy to enjoy the contents of their choice and to share the same with others too. This astonishing transformation
turned the once passive users of conventional media into social media activists. This study explored the patterns of social media usage
with citizen journalistic activities and the gratification needs of the students in Pakistan. A total of 673 students participated in the
survey for this study. The study concluded that most of the respondents satisfied information, entertainment, and companionship
needs through social media and needs gratification are achieved through active participation in the process of online information
gathering, processing, and transmitting ...
1-Azam Jan Assistant Professor, Department of Communication & Media Studies,Hazara University Mansehra, KP, Pakistan.2-Malik Adnan Assistant Professor,Department of Media Studies, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan. 3-Sadaf Naz Assistant ProfessorDepartment of Education,Hazara University Mansehra, KP, Pakistan.
Social Media, Citizen, Journalism, Youth, Gratification, Pakistan
Relationship between Teacher Motivation and Leadership Styles: An Empirical Study of Public Sector Colleges of Punjab, Pakistan.
The present study investigated the association between college teachers motivation and leadership styles. The
population comprised of the lecturers in Physical education of all government degree colleges for girls and boys in
Punjab, Pakistan. No sampling technique was preferred due to the accessible population. The total number of lecturers in Physical
Education was 576 in which 210 were male and 366 were females. Two self-prepared, Likert type scales were used for data collection
and SPSS 24 was used for data analysis. The results indicated that there is a positive significant association between the principals
leadership styles and the teachers motivating factors. Also, the lecturers were found to be well-motivated with transactional leadership
style. It was suggested that the gov ...
1-Afshan Jabeen PhD Scholar, Department of SS&PE,Gomal University DI Khan, KP, Pakistan. 2-Salahuddin Khan Professor,Department of SS&PE,Gomal University DI Khan, KP, Pakistan.3-Mehwish Manzoor Lecturer,Department of SS&PE,University of Narowal Punjab, Punjab, Pakistan.
Development of Scientific Knowledge and Science Comprehension through Activities at the Elementary Level Schools in Pakistan
The main aim of this study was to observe the effect of activity on science comprehension skills among 8th graders.
Relevant literature revealed that science comprehension skills can be increased through activity. QuasiExperimental (QE) design had been used. Threats to internal/external validity were undertaken properly. Two groups were selected
to collect data to achieve the above-stated aim. The test was developed as per the table of specifications. It was piloted. Then it was
administered as a pretest before intervention and posttest after the intervention. The data were analyzed using t-statistics. The
activity is recommended for teaching science comprehension skills. ...
1-Aftab Ahmad Lecturer (Faculty of Education), Department of Science Education, Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Samiullah Assistant Professor, Department of Science Education,Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Abdul Majeed Khan Assistant Professor, Department of Education,University of Mianwali, Punjab, Pakistan.
The paper reviews the (CPEC) from a security lens. The upshot of CPEC is to bring in peace and prosperity in the
region through laying a mix of road networks, railways, and pipelines in this area. It envisions to transform
Pakistan by upgrading its economic profile through connectivity with adjacent regions, addressing energy shortfalls, and expanding
societal links between Pakistan and China. Both sides perceive CPEC to be a game-changer. However, there are key challenges to
establish a sphere of co-security interdependence through CPEC. The core risks and opportunities associated with the implementation
of this crucial project are highlighted in this study. The paper dwells on the security dimensions of the CPEC from an integrated
conception of security - to stamp the CPEC as a saf ...
1-Shabana Fayyaz Assistant Professor, Department of Defence and Strategic Studies,Quaid e Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Salma Malik Assistant Professor,Department of Defence and Strategic Studies,Quaid e Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Learners and Instructors Attitude towards Physics Achievement at Secondary Level
Scientific attitude towards science education facilitates twenty first century learning and provides a strong
foundation for learners academic achievement. Science education at secondary level is placed as a backbone
towards higher secondary level. The focus of the present study was to investigate the instructors and learners scientific attitudes
towards physics at secondary level. Quantitative data were collected through questionnaires by using survey research from 1000
random sampled respondents i.e. instructors and learners. Multistage stratified sampling technique was applied in the present
research and the collected data were analyzed through descriptive and inferential statistics. A low level of learners attitude towards
physics was found which reflects in learners academic ach ...
1-Farkhunda Rasheed Choudhary Assistant Professor,EPPSL Department,Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Tariq Javed SST,Federal Government Public School No. 2 (Boys), university Campus Tariqabad, Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan. 3-Sobia Zaman Government Gulzar e Islam Girls High School, university Campus Satellite Town Gujranwala, Punjab, Pakistan.
Attitude, Calculation aspect of Physics, Interest in Physics, Understanding Physics
Historical Verisimilitudes in Fictional Universe: Cultural Poetics in the Works of Allende
This study analyzed Isabel Allendes novel The House of the Spirits by probing the correlation between fiction and
history. The theory of New Historicism was used to examine the textuality of history and the historicity of the
text. The study argues that Allendes novel can be read as a subversive text that problematizes the boundary between fiction and
history. The novel was analyzed by creating a parallel between the fictional work i.e. The House of the Spirits and the history book
i.e. The History of Chile to question the neutrality and objectivity of history. The appraisal incorporated the biographical, political,
historical and cultural contexts to evaluate the characters, themes and events of the novel. The study analyzed Allendes novel in the
backdrop of the texts historical, so ...
1-Amina Ghazanfar Lecturer,Department of English Studies,National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan. 2-Arshad Mahmood Professor,Department of English Studies, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Angela Jackson Brown Assistant Professor,Department of English, Ball State University, Indiana, USA.
Fictionalizing History, Historicizing Fiction, Historical Context, Literary Text, New Historicism.
The news media play a significant role in shaping political opinions and party choices of voters as most of the people learn about politics through media. The study investigated the influence of television news channels' biases over the voting behavior of the electorates. The survey method was used as a tool for data collection to determine the relationship between media bias and its influence on voting behavior. Partisan views are exposed when news channels give one side of the political spectrum a distinct advantage through subjective reporting. News channels include cable television news stations operating in Pakistan. The study findings suggest that voters do rely on television news channels for information during election campaigns. The study found that television news bias has a stro ...
1-Arshad Ali Lecturer, Department of Journalism and Mass Communication, University of Swabi, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.2-Syed Inam ur Rahman Assistant Professor, Department of Media and Communication Studies, International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Media Bias, Media Effects, Voting Behavior, Political Opinion, Electoral Process
A Stress Analysis of Teachers Job: Investigating the Phenomenon of Teacher Stress
This research was conducted to explore the phenomena of a study on the essence of stress faced by secondary-level
teachers in Rawalpindi to find out the teacher experience of stress and to identify the sources of stress between male
and female teachers. The population of the study was comprised of all the teachers working in Govt secondary school of district
Rawalpindi. The sample of the study comprised 100 secondary school teachers 50 males and 50 females were selected randomly.
Data collected through questionnaires were tabulated, analyzed and interpreted using t-test at0.05 level of significance. The
empirical study identified stress factors that have effects on male and female teachers work performance. The causes are poor low
pay status, poor classroom environment, professional ...
1-Muhammad Zaigham Qadeer Associate Professor, Faculty of Education, AIOU, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Nisar Ul Haq Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Development, Karakoram International University, Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan.3-Javed Iqbal Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Development, Karakoram International University, Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan.
Headteachers' Contribution to Improving Quality of Education for Sustainable Development at Secondary Level
Headteachers are responsible for the provision of quality education to the children in their respective educational institutions. The study aimed to analyze Head Teachers' commitment to improving the education level for sustainable development and to suggest measures for further progress. The population of the study consisted of oof380 public sector secondary schools' headteachers (male & female) of Okara and Sahiwal districts. Sample of the study comprised of 240 headteachers (male & female) randomly selected from the population. A self-developed questionnaire comparison of Five-point Likert scale was used to collect data, which was later on analyzed and interpreted by using frequency percentages, mean score, standard deviation and t-value as statistical tools. It was concluded that the ...
1-Gulzar Ahmed Assistant Professor, Department of Teacher Education, Shaikh Ayaz University, Shikarpur, Sindh, Pakistan. 2-Zaheer Abbas Headmaster, Punjab Education Department, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Nisar Principal, Model High School, Shakardarra, Kohat, KP, Paksitan.
Headteachers, Awareness, Quality of Education, Sustainable Development
Students' Understanding the Attitude of Teachers in Mathematics Teaching
This research was designed to examine the attitude of secondary mathematics teachers in the district of Mianwali. The study design consisted of 10 males and ten female secondary schools each. The general number of respondents is four hundred, of which 200 were female students. The sampling cluster and simple random sampling techniques have been used for the selection of schools and students, respectively. A questionnaire of 34-items is organized on five Likert Scale points to seek answers from the students. Percentage and mean were used to calculate the perceptions of each male and female science student. The results showed a constructive attitude towards mathematics teaching to both males and females. ...
1-Abdul Majeed Khan Assistant Professor, Department of Education, University of Mianwali, Mianwali, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Nisar Ul Haq Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Development, Karakoram International University, Gilgit - Baltistan, Pakistan. 3-Anar Gul M. Phil Scholar, Department of Education and Psychology, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat, KP, Pakistan.
Attitudes, Mathematics Teachers, Mathematics Teaching, Secondary School
Cultured and Uncultured Parents towards Woman Education: A Comparative Study
Understudy, research problem was the comparison of cultured and uncultured parents towards woman education.
The study was noteworthy because it helps us in deciding the arrogances of the parent towards a girl's education.
This research guides us to make efforts for the promotion of the girl's education. A randomly selected sample of fifty fathers and fifty
mothers from rural and urban areas of District Dera Ismail Khan, out of these fifty fathers and mothers twenty-five were cultured,
and twenty-five were uncultured. As a research instrument, 5-Likert type scale was used to collect the relevant data, and for the
purpose of analysis, t-statistics was used. ...
1-Malik Amer Atta Assistant Professor, Institute of Education and Research, Gomal University, D.I.Khan, KP, Pakistan.2-Fasiha Altaf PhD Scholar,Institute of Education and Research, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Samreen Mehmood Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
Cultured and Uncultured Parents, Woman, Education, Rural, Urban.
The Impact of Bank-Specific Factors on the Efficiency of Pakistan's Commercial Banks: Data Envelopment Analysis and Tobit Regression Model Framework
This study aims to measure the effects of bank-specific factors on the efficiency of Pakistan's twenty-seven (27)
commercial banks. Efficiency was computed by input-oriented data envelopment analysis approach under CRS
(constant return to scale) and VRS (variable return to scale) assumptions. The results revealed that overall inefficiency in commercial
banks was to tune of 10 percent and was caused by both managerial incompetence and uneconomical bank's size. However, the
uneconomic scale size remained the dominant source of inefficiency at individual banks level, and most of the banks exhibited a decreasing
return to scale (DRS) behaviour. Furthermore, efficiency scores were regressed by bank-specific factors using the Tobit regression model.
Among the bank-specific factors, Profita ...
1-Farhat Ullah Khan Assistant Professor, Department of Business Administration, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, KP, Pakistan.2-Aman Ullah Khan Assistant Professor, Department of Business Administration, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, KP, Pakistan.3-Inayat Ullah PhD Scholar, Department of Public Administration, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, KP, Pakistan.
Teachers' Perceptions about Problems and Prospects of Diploma of Associate Engineers (DAE) Program in Punjab
The present study was aimed to investigate teachers' perceptions about problems and prospects of the Diploma of
Associate Engineers (DAE) program in Punjab. All the teachers (Civil, Electrical and Mechanical) teaching to DAE
students in District Punjab were the population of the study. Fifteen teachers from 8 colleges of technologies were selected randomly;
therefore, 120 teachers were selected as a sample of the study. A survey questionnaire was used to collect data from the respondents. The
reliability of the instrument was 0.91. Findings revealed that teachers were more focused on the curriculum developed by TEVTA
authorities, physical infrastructure and teachers' methods of teaching. Moreover, teachers, according to their experience, have differences
of opinions regarding adminis ...
1-Mehwish Gull Ph.D. Scholar, Institute of Education and Research, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Aroona Hashmi Assistant Professor, Institute of Education and Research, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Fasiha Altaf Ph.D. Scholar, Institute of Education and Research, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
How do Problems get on to the Political Agenda and get Taken Seriously by Policymakers? An Analysis of Climate Change Policy in the US
The issue of climate change is not of the recent past. However, it was late in the nineteenth century in the US that
the phenomenon was defined and framed as an issue of public interest by those who say it mattered. The reason was
the occurrence of indicators such as a rise in earth temperature and prolonged summer season. The mass displacement of people from their
places of inhibits and damages to their properties forced the government to take the issue seriously. A change in the administration in the
federal capital, along with pressure from civil society and demand from various groups to resolve the issue of climate change, proved to
be something that ultimately led to the resolution of the issue and taken seriously by the government of the day. While answering the
question of how ...
1-Ayaz Ali Shah Lecturer, Department of Political Science, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.2-Shaukat Lecturer, Department of Political Science, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.3-Hina Malik Demonstrator, Department of Political Science, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
Political Agenda, Policy Makers, Climate Change, US
Pashto-English Contact: The Role of Suffixation in Hybridizing Lexical Items
The study investigates the role of suffixation in Pashto-English hybridization at the word level and the
sociolinguistic significance of such hybridization. Data from electronic media, including programmes from Khyber
News, representing both formal and informal domains of language use, is used for the study. The programmes selected include Top
Stories, News Hour, Mohim Repotuna, Naway Sahar and Sports Mag. Employing content analysis as a research method, a
quantitative approach for the investigation of hybridized English lexical category and a qualitative approach for its sociolinguistic
significance have been used. The present study employs the framework presented by Kachru (1978), as adapted by Rasul (2006).
The findings of the research show that noun is frequently hybridized both ...
1-Nisar Ahmad Lecturer, Department of English, Government Postgraduate College, Nowshera, KP, Pakistan.2-Liaqat Iqbal Assistant Professor, Department of English, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Atif Lecturer, Department of English, Government Postgraduate College, Nowshera, KP, Pakistan.
A Study of the Effectiveness of the HEC's English Language Teaching Reforms (ELTR) Project
This study deals with the effectiveness of the English Language Teaching Reforms (ELTR) project, which was
launched by the Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan in 2004. The purpose of the ELTR project was
to enhance the teaching practices of English Language (EL) teachers teaching at the tertiary level. The project was divided into two
phases: Phase I (2004-2010) and Phase II (2010-2013). In both phases, EL teachers were trained from various public colleges and
universities across Pakistan. The teachers were offered long and short-term courses through which they could be professionally
developed. The main aim of the current research was to trace the effectiveness of the project. For this purpose, this study adopted a
qualitative methodology. Data was collected by carrying ou ...
1-Masooma Zaidi MS, Department of TESOL, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Fareeha Javed Head of TESOL Department, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Sana Baig Lecturer, Department of TESOL, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
English Language Teaching, English Language Teachers, ELTR, Professional Development
Azad Jammu and Kashmir in Pakistan's Post Eighteenth Amendment Scenario: A Critical Analysis for the Constitutional Reforms
This paper aims at critically analyzing the existing constitutional framework in AJK. AJK is administered by Pakistan as a disputed territory. The 18th amendment brought provincial autonomy and decentralization of powers for the provinces of Pakistan. The same principle and constitutional reforms may be introduced in AJK for its constitutional empowerment. This research aims to review the existing constitutional relationships between Pakistan and AJK in the backdrop of relevant resolutions of the UN. The findings of this study are based upon the review of the existing literature and documents as well as qualitative methods based on the Laws, statutory sources, eminent works of the jurists compiled in the books, research papers and articles, and the research-based reports on the constituti ...
1-Adnan Rahman Faculty Member of Law, Department of Law, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Muzaffarabad, University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. 2-Syed Mudasser Fida Gardazi Assistant Professor, Department of Law, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Muzaffarabad, Pakistan3-Saqib Shahbaz Assistant Professor, Department of Law, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Mirpur University of Science and Technology (MUST), Mirpur, Pakistan.
Constitutional Empowerment, Conflict of JandK, 18th Amendment of Pakistan, Constitutional Reforms, 13th Amendment in AJK